Schlumberger’s commitment to safety is included in our Code of Conduct, which also details the Company expectations and regulatory compliance requirements for all Schlumberger employees. Our corporate HSE Policy is publically available.
Schlumberger captures HSE performance data through an online, enterprise-level business system that consolidates all HSE information. Accessible by all employees, this system enables them to monitor reported HSE events, incidents, observations, and Risk Identification Reports. Schlumberger employees are actively encouraged to report, and we use the data to benchmark our performance against industry data sources.
To help prevent incidents from recurring, the system facilitates the investigation process and the management of remedial work plans to resolve incidents, identify learning opportunities, and incorporate the lessons learned by improving our facilities, equipment, processes, and systems. To ensure continuous improvement, we monitor trends and identify areas of concern. Schlumberger employees are able to use the online business system to suggest improvements, post recognitions, track HSE training, and analyze HSE data. The system can also be used to assign job-specific online HSE training, and to facilitate and track the testing and certification of computer-based training material.
Schlumberger launched a revised risk-based HSE Event Reporting and Management Standard, new event investigation training, and a mobile app for risk identification reporting. These initiatives form part of a global campaign focused on maximizing the learning potential from events using the investigation of incidents via process management, data integrity, and quality.
Our health and safety performance, including the Cameron Group since the second quarter of 2016, has shown steady progress. Our total recordable injury frequency decreased 12% to the lowest rate since we started keeping records in 2000. Our automotive accident rate for the combined company showed a slight deterioration compared with 2015, which reinforces our commitment to improve driving and implement journey management across the entire organization, including newly acquired companies. Our contractor lost-time injury frequency increased from 0.46 to 0.56 injuries per million hours worked, largely due to an increase in project-based work including seismic and integrated projects.
The International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP) annually reports upstream oil and gas work-related safety performance statistics. Schlumberger uses the IOGP definitions and reporting criteria to classify HSE data. The data include injuries sustained by Company employees and contractors engaged in work related activities.
PwC auditors reviewed our processes and procedures for 2016 and verified a subset of our environmental and social data. The health and safety lost time injury and occupational illness frequency data reviewed included employee and contractor lost time injury frequencies and an occupational illness frequency rate. PwC has expressed a limited assurance that our data are, in all material respects, fairly presented and in accordance with Schlumberger procedural guidelines.
Fatalities by Year
All fatalities were studied extensively, and the associated lessons learned were communicated company-wide.
Schlumberger strives to safeguard health and security, to operate our business safely, and to protect the environment. We maintain a safe and productive work environment that is free of alcohol, controlled substances, and illegal drugs. Schlumberger operations are supported by a robust safety management system. We design our equipment and workplaces to enable safe operations. We require reporting of hazardous situations and conditions to identify opportunities for improvement. We provide comprehensive training in injury prevention, hazard identification, and risk assessment, prevention, and mitigation. We empower and obligate employees to stop a job and intervene if they consider a situation to be unsafe, a practice fully supported by Company management.
Schlumberger is continuing with initiatives to improve its HSE training programs for operational personnel, line management, and HSE professionals. A specific focus is on crisis leadership management and communication training. This training incorporates best practices in crisis management techniques and practices using global academic experts and expertise from within the Company. In addition, we conducted a corporate-level crisis management exercise and one realistic crisis management exercise for each geographic operational area.
Schlumberger is strengthening contractor management initiatives and has revised the global contractor HSE and workplace condition requirements within our global supply chain. These contractual conditions specify the minimum HSE requirements for contractors when on sites managed by Schlumberger. The requirements include compliance with Schlumberger policies for substance abuse and driving, as well as compliance with site rules, such as the use of safe systems of work (permit to work, isolation, equipment guarding, and use of safety systems), personal protective equipment, intervening to stop the job if unsafe acts or conditions are observed, reporting events and incidents, and complying with applicable regulatory requirements.
The Schlumberger HSE Management System states the principles by which we conduct our operations worldwide with regard to health, safety, and the environment. We establish and communicate HSE priorities, objectives, requirements and accountabilities to all employees, customers, contractors and third parties associated with our business. All of our corporate health, safety, and environmental standards must be implemented in all Schlumberger operations, and each Schlumberger organization must provide evidence of compliance.
Schlumberger captures HSE performance data through an online, enterprise-level business system, which consolidates all HSE information. Accessible by all employees, this system allows them to monitor reported HSE events, incidents, observations, and Risk Identification Reports. Schlumberger employees are actively encouraged to report, and we use the data to benchmark our performance against industry data sources. We monitor trends and identify areas of concern for continuous improvement. In addition, the system’s functionality facilitates the investigation process and the management of remedial work plans to resolve incidents, identify learning opportunities, and incorporate the lessons learned by improving our facilities, equipment, processes, and systems to prevent incidents from recurring. It is also used to record audits and improvement suggestions, post recognitions, track HSE training, and analyze HSE data. This system is also used to assign job-specific online HSE training and to facilitate and track the testing and certification of computer-based training material.
Our focus continues to be on training, driving and journey management, and the implementation of new in-vehicle technologies to improve driver performance. Our risk-based driving and journey management approach provides effective management of driving activities in more than 85 countries. Every Schlumberger employee, from field to office, is required to take regular fit-for-purpose driver training, including the use of simulators and driver-improvement monitors to provide real-time, in-vehicle driving performance feedback. We also actively share our experience and expertise with our customers and in the communities where we work through our HSE for Youth and community outreach programs. Our comprehensive driver management system consolidates, leverages and augments the best practices of our various business groups to systematically eliminate accidents through training, journey and trip management, safe driving behavior, and compliance with Our Code of Conduct.
Schlumberger journey management centers around the world reinforce safe driving behaviors and deliver increased support for drivers during each journey. The centers ensure that every trip is verified for compliance with journey management procedures where higher-risk driving environments are subject to more stringent controls and standards. Real-time tracking monitors driving behavior and provides immediate feedback to drivers. By defining, measuring, and shaping driving behaviors, the centers help drivers continuously improve their performance. These centers serve more than 40 countries with real-time journey tracking in 12 languages, 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Schlumberger is committed to injury prevention for employees and contractors through the effective implementation of our own best practices and those from the industry. Our total recordable injury frequency (TRIF) rate has decreased annually since 2011.
An analysis of our HSE data revealed that nearly 40% of personal injuries is related to hands and fingers. Although the overall number of personal injuries has decreased during the past 10 years, limited improvement has occurred in this category. To mitigate the risk, our hand and finger injury workshops and other programs continue to be an area of focus.
One of the most critical steps in mitigating risks associated with a particular job is to ensure that employees have the correct tools and the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) to perform a task. Using PPE is essential to mitigating injury consequences, even after engineering controls, work practices, and administrative controls have reduced risks as far as reasonably practicable. Engineering controls involve physically changing a machine or work environment. Work practices involve training workers to perform tasks in ways that reduce their exposure to workplace hazards. Administrative controls involve changing how and when workers do their jobs, such as scheduling work and rotating workers to reduce exposures.
Our contractor lost-time injury frequency increased from 0.46 to 0.56 injuries per million hours worked, largely due to an increase in project-based work including seismic and integrated projects.
Note: 2016 data includes the Cameron Group from April through December.
We continued to develop our ability to communicate lessons learned from incidents and events. In addition, we introduced a new HSE Alert program to share best practices. These alerts focus on what happened and why, taking into account the type of HSE event and the expected employee behavior upon receiving an alert. HSE events in these alerts are ranked as yellow (preventative and good practice), orange (non-life-threatening), and red (fatality and high potential for fatality).
Schlumberger released and implemented a risk-based approach to managing security for our personnel and assets. Due to the nature of our global business and operations, our employees, their families, contractors and third parties, and our Company assets may be exposed to security-related threats, including armed conflict, criminality, and civil unrest. Our objective is to reduce security risks to a level As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) through effective implementation of fundamental and risk-based controls, and through active continuous monitoring of security conditions.
Schlumberger released a revised risk-based Mechanical Lifting Standard in 2016 to complement the DROPS Standard introduced in 2015. The new standard focuses on eliminating harm to people caused by mechanical lifting activities and associated dropped objects, and is fully aligned with industry best practices. The new standard encompasses personnel competence, lifting equipment and load integrity, and active Red Zone management. International Association of Oil and Gas Producers statistics indicate that over the last 10 years there have been 63 fatalities (almost 17% of all work-related fatalities among the association’s member companies) related to mechanical lifting, cranes, rigging and deck operations. All Schlumberger employees, contractors, and worksites must adhere to the requirements of the new standard. Assigned country and field mechanical lifting champions lead the worksite-level implementation process.
Schlumberger continues to quantify environmental data and identify ways to reduce it. For years, we have engaged with PwC to audit our methodology for quantifying direct and indirect GHG emissions linked to our operations around the world. As a part of this process, PwC auditors reviewed our processes and procedures and verified selected environmental and health and safety data. Environmental data audited in 2016 includes Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions of greenhouse gases, waste production, water consumption, spills, and energy consumption. Health and safety data includes employee and contractor lost time injuries and illnesses and the associated work hours to determine frequencies and rates. PwC has expressed a limited assurance that our data are in all material respects fairly presented and in accord with Schlumberger guidelines.