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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 


 

FORM 10-K

 


 

(Mark One)

 

x   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003

 

OR

 

¨   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to            

 

Commission File Number: 0-1649

 


 

NEWPORT CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

Nevada   94-0849175
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

1791 Deere Avenue, Irvine, California 92606

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (949) 863-3144

 


 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  Common Stock, Par Value $0.1167 per share

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

As of January 31, 2004, 39,233,080 shares of the registrant’s sole class of common stock were outstanding. As of January 31, 2004, the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $575 million, calculated based upon the closing price of our common stock as reported by the Nasdaq Stock Market on June 30, 2003.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 



Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     PART I     

Item 1.

  

Business

   1

Item 2.

  

Properties

   11

Item 3.

  

Legal Proceedings

   12

Item 4.

  

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

   12
     PART II     

Item 5.

  

Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

   12

Item 6.

  

Selected Financial Data

   13

Item 7.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   15

Item 7A.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   31

Item 8.

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   32

Item 9.

  

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   33

Item 9A.

  

Controls and Procedures

   33
     PART III     

Item 10.

  

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

   33

Item 11.

  

Executive Compensation

   33

Item 12.

  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

   33

Item 13.

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

   33

Item 14.

  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   34
     PART IV     

Item 15.

  

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-k

   34

SIGNATURES

   37

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULE

   F-1

 

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This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and we intend that such forward-looking statements be subject to the safe harbors created thereby. For this purpose, any statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K except for historical information may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” or “continue” or the negative or other variations thereof or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, trends in our businesses, or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements.

 

The forward-looking statements included herein are based on current expectations and involve a number of risks and uncertainties, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. As such, our actual results may differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in more detail in Item 1 (Business) of Part I and Item 7 (Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers should carefully review these risks, as well as the additional risks described in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In light of the significant risks and uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking information included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that such results will be achieved, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking information. We undertake no obligation to revise the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

PART I

 

Item 1.    Business

 

General Description of Business

 

Newport Corporation is a global supplier of advanced technology products and systems to a wide range of industries, including semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging equipment, scientific research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications. We provide:

 

    components and integrated subsystems to manufacturers of semiconductor front-end processing equipment;

 

    automated systems for semiconductor back-end packaging applications to integrated device manufacturers;

 

    a broad array of high-precision components and instruments to commercial, academic and government customers worldwide; and

 

    automated and manually operated assembly equipment to manufacturers of fiber optic components.

 

Our products leverage our expertise in precision robotics and automation, high-precision positioning systems, vibration isolation technology, precision optics, opto-mechanics and photonics instrumentation to enhance the capabilities and productivity of our customers’ manufacturing, engineering and research applications.

 

For over three decades we have serviced the needs of research laboratories for precision equipment. Since 1991, we have acquired a series of companies to expand our product offerings, technology base and geographic presence. Through these acquisitions and our internal development efforts, we have evolved from a provider of discrete components and instruments for research applications to a company that manufactures both components

 

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and integrated systems for research and commercial applications. In particular, during 2001, we acquired Kensington Laboratories, Inc. (KLI), a manufacturer of high-precision robotic and motion control equipment primarily for the semiconductor equipment industry, and during 2002 we acquired Micro Robotics Systems, Inc. (MRSI), a manufacturer of high-precision, fully-automated assembly and dispensing systems for back-end packaging applications in the semiconductor, microwave communications and fiber optic communications markets. Both of these acquisitions significantly increased our product offerings and expertise in these areas. We pursue acquisitions of companies, technologies and complementary product lines that we believe will provide us with key technologies, give us access to new markets or otherwise further our strategic objectives. Conversely, from time to time we review our different businesses, including our acquired companies, to ensure that they are key to our strategic plans, and close or divest businesses that we determine are no longer of strategic importance. See Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Overview and Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Within the semiconductor industry, the manufacturing of devices is often divided into two areas – front-end wafer processing and back-end packaging. Over the years, we have developed a significant presence as a supplier to top-tier equipment manufacturers for front-end applications, providing high-performance components and subsystems that enhance the performance of these customers’ products. More recently, we have become an integrated systems supplier for advanced back-end packaging applications. With well-designed and tested products, a flexible product portfolio and a strong intellectual property position, we now offer our customers advanced products for both front-end and back-end semiconductor manufacturing processes.

 

In addition to our presence in the semiconductor industry, we also supply components, instruments and subsystems to a broad range of other markets, including basic and applied scientific research, aerospace and defense and, increasingly, in life and health sciences. Our high-precision component and subsystem products are often incorporated into the products of our customers in these industries, enabling our customers to meet demanding performance requirements. We also provide high-performance components, instruments and subsystems to commercial, academic and governmental research institutions worldwide that engage in research and development activities.

 

We also continue to be a leading supplier of automated and manually operated equipment used to assemble and test fiber optic telecommunications and data communications devices. Our unique machines, which combine our proven technology with advanced computer software and our in-depth industry and process expertise, are used around the world to manufacture and test active and passive telecommunication components. These systems provide our customers with the flexibility required to facilitate the development of new components and manufacturing processes for next-generation telecommunications equipment.

 

Products and Services

 

We develop and sell a broad range of components, instruments, subsystems and systems to markets where high-precision, efficient manufacturing, test, measurement and assembly are critical. Our products are used in mission-critical applications in industries including semiconductor manufacturing, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic device manufacturing. We also provide high-performance components, instruments and subsystems to commercial, academic and governmental research institutions worldwide. We develop, manufacture and market our products within two distinct business segments, Industrial and Scientific Technologies and Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems.

 

Industrial and Scientific Technologies Division

 

Our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division’s products and systems are used across a wide range of industrial markets in applications that range from basic research and development activities to high-precision manufacturing. In addition, we sell subsystems to third parties that integrate these products into larger systems, particularly for semiconductor manufacturing and life and health sciences applications. The division also offers

 

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automated and manually operated equipment used to assemble and test fiber optic telecommunications and data communications devices, addressing applications from pre-test to assembly and packaging to final device testing. Our industrial and scientific products address markets including semiconductor equipment, scientific research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications. We believe that purchasers of our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division’s products develop an appreciation for the quality of our products which makes them more likely to buy integrated, automated systems from us as the need for production and test systems grows. In addition to the products that are developed and manufactured by this division, we also distribute certain products that are developed and manufactured by third parties on a private label basis. This allows us to select best-in-breed products in these product lines, and to maximize the efficiency of our research and development efforts. Our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division’s product lines include:

 

Category   Products   Applications

Precision Micro-Positioning Devices, Systems and Subsystems

 

•        Precision air bearing stages

 

•        Motion systems

 

•        Linear and rotational stages

 

•        Elevational devices

 

•        Actuators

 

•        Simple and programmable motion controllers for linear stepping and direct current (DC) motors

 

•        Manual fiber optic positioners

 

•        Precision positioning of semiconductor wafers for metrology and fabrication

 

•        Sample sorting and sequencing for DNA research

 

•        High-precision positioning and motion control apparatus for manufacturing and test applications

 

•        Tracking and targeting test systems for aerospace and defense applications

 

•        Precision alignment in fiber optic, telecommunication and laser device assembly


Optics and Optical Hardware

 

•        Lenses

 

•        Mirrors

 

•        Prisms and windows

 

•        Filters and attenuators

 

•        Collimators

 

•        Ultrafast laser optics

 

•        Beamsplitters and polarization optics

 

•        Optical systems

 

•        Optical mounts

 

•        Bases and brackets

 

•        Posts and rod systems

 

•        Laser-to-fiber couplers

 

•        Educational kits

 

•        Deep ultraviolet illumination optics for semiconductor lithography

 

•        Components for research and product development activities

 

•        Blood cell analysis

 

•        Laser systems

 

•        Manual, high-precision alignment of optical instruments

 

•        Electro-optical research


 

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Category   Products   Applications

Opto-Mechanical Subassemblies and Subsystems

 

•        Fast steering mirrors

 

•        Laser beam stabilization modules

 

•        Laser beam attenuators

 

•        Optics plates

 

•        Integrated electro-optical subsystems

 

•        Objective lens systems

 

•        Optical coherence tomography for non-invasive diagnostics

 

•        Thin film measurement of semiconductor wafers for defect inspection

 

•        Laser beam stabilization for industrial metrology applications

 

•        High-speed cell sorting for genomic research

 

•        Analytical instrumentation for life and health sciences


Photonics Instruments

 

•        Power meters

 

•        Laser diode instruments

 

•        Optical spectrum analyzers

 

•        Photonics test systems

 

•        Optical detectors

 

•        Spectrometers

 

•        Ultrafast laser pulse measurement systems

 

•        Measure optical power for free space and fiber-directed laser light

 

•        Temperature and current controllers for maintaining stability of laser diodes

 

•        Characterization of light emitted by laser diodes, ion lasers and solid state lasers

 

•        Testing and qualification of optical fibers and passive fiber optic components

 

•        Environmental detection of hazardous bio-agents

 

•        Chemical composition analysis


 

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Category   Products   Applications

Vibration Isolation Systems and Subsystems

 

•        Optical benches and support systems

 

•        Workstations

 

•        Active and passive isolation systems

 

•        Honeycomb, granite and rigid structures

 

•        Elastomeric mounts

 

•        Isolated floor for semiconductor lithography equipment

 

•        Foundation platforms for laser systems

 

•        Reduction of impact of external forces on high-precision research, manufacturing test and assembly systems

 

•        Scanning electron microscope/atomic force microscope base isolation

 

•        Workstation platforms for fiber optic device fabrication


Fiber Optic Device Assembly and Test Systems

 

•        Fiber alignment and attachment systems

 

•        Laser diode characterization systems

 

•        Manual to fully automated assembly and packaging of fiber optic components, using welding, soldering and epoxy attachment techniques

 

•        Manual to fully automated testing of laser diodes

 

Subassemblies

 

We offer subassemblies that are a value-added combination of standard and custom products drawn from the components, optics, motion control and vibration isolation product lines. We combine these items with additional engineering to create more highly integrated products to meet customer needs. These products are often subsystems of our original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers’ products. We believe that this subassembly capability gives us a significant competitive advantage by differentiating us from competitors that offer a more limited product selection. We have used our capabilities in this area to develop and supply subassemblies to customers in a number of industries, most notably semiconductor equipment and life and health sciences. These products range from low level subassemblies to complete finished products. For example, during 2003 we completed the joint development of a new bioanalyzer for research and drug discovery applications, combining our customer’s expertise in flow cytometry and our expertise in optics, automation and system integration. We manufacture and supply the completed instrument to our customer.

 

Fiber Optic Device Engineering Services

 

Due to our extensive experience in fiber optic device assembly, packaging and testing technology, we have a deep knowledge base and expertise in the processes and technologies necessary to build high-precision fiber optic components. We apply this expertise to assist our customers in designing device packaging, developing manufacturing processes, developing and producing tooling and programming customized process automation software. These services help customers significantly reduce the development cycle for their products and improve the productivity, yields and quality of their manufacturing processes. In addition to helping customers become more productive, these services assist us in establishing a long-term relationship with our customers and

 

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allow us to identify additional opportunities for new products. We also offer device manufacturing and packaging services to enable customers to design and test new products. We believe that the extent of our capabilities and services in this area provides us with a key competitive advantage over other capital equipment suppliers to this market.

 

Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems Division

 

Within the semiconductor industry, the manufacturing of integrated circuits is often divided into two areas – front-end wafer processing and back-end packaging. Our Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems division offers a broad array of automation subsystem products for semiconductor front-end wafer processing applications, and also supplies complete turnkey systems for advanced back-end packaging applications. These high-performance products provide our customers with the speed, accuracy, repeatability and dependability required for high-throughput production environments.

 

Semiconductor Front-End Technologies

 

Our Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems division offers a broad array of products for front-end semiconductor process applications, including automated wafer handling subsystems such as atmospheric robots, load ports and wafer alignment stations. In addition, during 2003 we introduced a family of equipment front end modules (EFEMs), which are an integrated combination of our subsystem products. We are a leader in advanced wafer handling robotic systems technologies, and we are committed to developing and manufacturing atmospheric wafer handling robots, load ports and EFEMs that are among the highest performance, most reliable and most cost-effective in the industry.

 

    Atmospheric Wafer Handling Robots.    We sell a full range of atmospheric robots that automate the handling of semiconductor wafers in the ultra-clean environment of a process or inspection tool. We hold a number of issued and pending patents on state-of-the-art edge-gripping robotic end effectors that are critical to enabling semiconductor equipment manufacturers to efficiently and reliably handle 300-millimeter wafers without contacting the backside of the wafer, an important technique in reducing particle contamination and the resultant yield losses. Our wafer handling robots also feature our patented automated teaching technology, which allows the robot to be programmed more accurately and more consistently, reducing setup time. All of our 300-millimeter wafer handling robots incorporate our patented optical sensing technology in the end effector to maximize the accuracy of the robot while simplifying the setup and calibration process.

 

    Load Ports.    Our automatic door opener system (ADO) is a load port for 300-millimeter wafers that serves as the physical interface between a process or inspection tool and the fabrication environment, allowing wafers to be efficiently and reliably loaded into the tool while maintaining an ultra-clean environment. The ADO is easy to install, conforms to industry standards, and is compatible with popular wafer transport pods, known in the industry as front-opening universal pods, or FOUPs. We hold a number of issued and pending patents on various features of this technology, including our latchkey opening mechanism, our wafer scanning mechanism and our alignment technique. The ADO provides throughput performance that is among the highest in the industry under Class 1 clean room conditions.

 

    Wafer Alignment Stations.    Our edge-gripping wafer prealigner is a patented design based on our innovative edge-grip wafer handling technology. This product enables our customers to rapidly and precisely align 300-millimeter wafers prior to insertion into the process or inspection module of the capital equipment, without contacting the backside of the wafer. This reduces losses due to particle contamination of the wafer, helping to improve process yields.

 

   

Equipment Front End Modules (EFEMs).    In late 2003, we introduced a series of EFEMs to the marketplace. These products combine our wafer handling robots, tracks, load ports and wafer prealigners with additional software and hardware engineering to produce an integrated front end to our

 

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customers’ equipment. The EFEMs incorporate the patented automated teaching, wafer scanning and alignment features of our robot and load port products, require no factory adjustment and can be installed on our customers’ equipment in the field.

 

Advanced Packaging Systems

 

In February 2002, we acquired MRSI, a leading supplier of automated assembly and dispensing systems to the semiconductor packaging, microwave, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications industries. We offer a line of automated chip assembly equipment, including die bonding and flip chip bonding systems, as well as epoxy-dispensing and flip chip underfill systems, that are used to manufacture microwave, optical, radio frequency (RF) and multi-chip modules. Flip chip packaging is one of the fastest growing areas of semiconductor back-end packaging today, due to the strong growth in sales of handheld devices such as wireless PDAs and cellular phones, which increasingly incorporate system-on-a-chip package designs and chip-scale packaging methods to enable reductions in device sizes and improvements in device performance.

 

    Automated Assembly Systems.    Our MRSI-605 AP Ultra-Precise Assembly Work Cell provides users with a high-speed, high-precision solution for the automated assembly of a variety of microelectronic and optoelectronic devices, such as microwave modules, optical modules, hybrid circuits and multichip modules. We also offer the MRSI-5005 OPTO Optical Assembly Work Cell, which is specially designed to produce extremely precise placements required for certain photonics applications.

 

    Automated Dispensing Systems.    Our MRSI-175 family of products provides users with high-speed, high-performance solutions for a range of automated dispensing applications. The MRSI-175Ag Conductive Epoxy Dispensing System is designed to provide the process control and dispensing capability required for demanding applications such as microwave modules, optical modules, hybrid circuits, multichip modules, and semiconductor packaging. The MRSI-175UF Underfill Dispensing System is a high-speed, high-accuracy, automated dispenser designed for flip chip underfill applications.

 

    Flip Chip Bonding Systems.    In September 2003, we introduced our MACH FC Plus Flip Chip Bonder, a high-speed, high-accuracy system for the automated assembly of flip chip devices. The system performs the various process steps of picking, flipping, fluxing, vision alignment and controlled die placement with asynchronous parallel motion, maximizing the system’s throughput. Some of its many advanced features include eight-micron placement accuracy, closed-loop placement force control, a patent-pending flux well and advanced vision and lighting.

 

Financial information regarding our two business segments, and our operations by geographic area, is included in Note 13 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on page F-28. A discussion of our net sales by end market and geographic area is included in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

Sales and Marketing

 

We market and sell our products and services through our domestic and international sales organizations, an international network of independent distributors and sales representatives, technical catalogs and our web site. Our domestic and international sales organizations are comprised of teams of field sales persons, which work closely with strategic account managers and internal sales support personnel based in Irvine, California and in France. Our OEM subsystem and capital equipment customers often have unique technical specifications and manufacturing processes, and may require specific system, subsystem or component designs. This requires close cooperation between our sales personnel and distributors and our engineering staff, and can result in long sales cycles for our subsystem and capital equipment products. As of January 31, 2004, we employed 56 persons in our domestic sales organization, and 51 persons in our international sales organization, located in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Singapore, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom.

 

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We currently engage 23 independent sales representatives and distributors that actively market and sell our products in certain markets outside of North America. We have written agreements with most of our representatives and distributors. In some cases we have granted representatives and distributors exclusive authorization to sell certain of our products in a specific geographic area. These agreements generally have terms of one year and are renewable on an annual basis, and are generally terminable by either party for convenience following a specified notice period. Most distributor agreements are structured to provide distributors with sales discounts below the domestic list price. Representatives are generally paid commissions for sales of products. No single independent representative or distributor accounted for more than 5% of our net sales in 2003.

 

We also market our standard products through our product catalog and web site. Our principal marketing tool for the scientific market is our comprehensive product catalog, The Newport Resource. This catalog, numbering approximately 1,300 pages, provides detailed product information as well as extensive technical and applications data. We publish this catalog in English, French, German and Japanese, and mail it to approximately 40,000 existing and potential customers. New product supplements are also distributed between publications. Our web site features an online catalog, providing customers with access to the latest information regarding our products, technical/tutorial and application related materials, sales information, a literature and information request form, and the ability to purchase a majority of our standard products.

 

Research and Product Development

 

We continually seek to improve our technological leadership position through internal research, product development and licensing, and acquisitions of complementary technologies. As of January 31, 2004, we had 111 employees engaged in research and development. We continually work to enhance our existing products and to develop and introduce innovative new products to satisfy the needs of our customers. In addition, we regularly investigate new ways to combine components manufactured by our various divisions to produce innovative technological solutions for the markets we serve. Total research and development expenses were $18.1 million, or 13.5% of net sales, in 2003, $24.4 million, or 14.9% of net sales, in 2002, and $26.1 million, or 9.0% of net sales, in 2001. Research and development expenses attributable to our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division were $9.8 million, or 8.9% of net sales to that segment, in 2003, $10.5 million, or 9.0% of net sales to that segment, in 2002, and $10.6 million, or 5.9% of net sales to that segment, in 2001. Research and development expenses attributable to our Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems division were $8.3 million, or 33.0% of net sales to that segment, in 2003, $13.9 million, or 29.8% of net sales to that segment, in 2002, and $15.5 million, or 14.0% of net sales to that segment, in 2001.

 

We are committed to product development and expect to continue our investment in this area in the current and future years. We believe that the continual development or acquisition of innovative new products will be critical to our future success. Failure to develop, or introduce on a timely basis, new products or product enhancements that achieve market acceptance could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

 

Customers

 

We sell our products to a significant number of customers worldwide, in a wide range of diverse end markets, including semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging equipment, scientific research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications. We believe that our diversification in this area minimizes our dependence on any single industry or group of customers. Sales during 2003 to two customers of our Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems division totaled $8.3 million and $3.0 million, respectively, which represented 32.9% and 11.8% of our net sales to that segment for the year, respectively. Sales during 2003 to each of these customers represented less than 10% of our consolidated net sales for the year. Sales during 2003 to one customer of our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division, KLA-Tencor Corporation, totaled $13.8 million, which represented 12.6% of our net sales to that segment for the year, and 10.2% of our consolidated net sales for the year. We believe that our relationships with these customers

 

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are good. However, if KLA-Tencor Corporation or any other key customer discontinues or reduces its relationship with us, or suffers downturns in its business, it could have a significant negative impact on our financial results on a short-term basis, and our business and results of operations could be harmed going forward if we are unable to sufficiently expand our customer base to replace the lost business.

 

Competition

 

The markets for our products are intensely competitive and characterized by rapidly changing technology. In our industrial and scientific technologies business, our primary competitors are currently Aerotech Inc., Anorad Corporation, Danaher Corporation and Physik Instrumente for our precision motion systems; Kinetic Systems, Inc., Melles Griot, Inc., and Technical Manufacturing Corp. for our vibration isolation products; CVI Laser Corporation, Corning Tropel Corporation, LINOS Photonics, Melles Griot, Inc., New Focus, Inc., OptoSigma Corporation, and Thorlabs, Inc. for our precision optics and opto-mechanical products; AOI Sansho, EXFO Electro-Optical, Inc., Palomar Technologies and Suruga-Seiki Co., Ltd., for our assembly automation systems; and Agilent Technologies, Inc., Ando Corporation, Anritsu Corporation, EXFO Electro-Optical Inc., Keithley Instruments, Inc., and Moritex Corporation for our test and measurement systems.

 

In the semiconductor market, for front-end processing applications, our primary competitors are currently Asyst Technologies, Inc., Brooks Automation, Inc., Genmark Automation, Inc., Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., and Yaskawa Electric Corp. for our wafer handling robots; and Asyst Technologies, Inc., Brooks Automation, Inc. and TDK Corporation for our load ports. For semiconductor back-end packaging applications, our primary competitors are Datacon Technology AG, ESEC, F&K Delvotech, and Palomar Technologies, for our automated assembly systems, and Asymtek, Cookson Electronics, Inc., and Protec Co., Ltd. for our dispensing systems.

 

In each of our businesses, we also face competition from certain of our existing and potential customers who have developed or may develop their own systems, subsystems and components.

 

We believe that the primary competitive factors in our markets are:

 

    product features and performance;

 

    quality, reliability and service support;

 

    customer relationships;

 

    ability to manufacture and deliver products on a timely basis;

 

    pricing; and

 

    ability to customize products to customer specifications.

 

We believe that we currently compete effectively with respect to each of these factors. However, we may not be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or new competitors.

 

We compete in various markets against a number of companies, some of which have longer operating histories, greater name recognition and significantly greater technical, financial, manufacturing and marketing resources than we do. In addition, some of these companies have long established relationships with our customers and potential customers in our markets. In addition to current competitors, we believe that new competitors, some of whom may have substantially greater financial, technical and marketing resources than us, will seek to provide products to one or more of our markets in the future. Such future competition could harm our business.

 

Intellectual Property and Proprietary Rights

 

Our success and competitiveness depends to an extent on our technology and other intellectual property such as trade secrets, patents and trademarks. We protect our technology by controlling access to our proprietary

 

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information and by maintaining confidentiality agreements with our employees and consultants and our customers and partners, and, in some cases, through the use of patents, trademark registrations, and licenses. We have been granted a number of patents in the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions. We also have trademarks registered in the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions. We actively pursue applications for new patents and trademarks as we deem appropriate.

 

It is possible that, despite our efforts, other parties may use, obtain or try to copy our products and technology. Policing unauthorized use of our products and technology is difficult and time consuming. We cannot guarantee that the steps we take to protect our rights will prevent any misappropriation of our products or technology. This is particularly the case in foreign jurisdictions, where the intellectual property laws may not afford our intellectual property rights the same protection as the laws of the United States. In addition, infringement, invalidity, right to use or ownership claims by third parties may be asserted against us in the future, which claims could materially harm our business, operating results or financial condition, regardless of the outcome.

 

Manufacturing

 

We assemble, test and package components and systems at domestic manufacturing facilities located in Irvine, California; Richmond, California; North Billerica, Massachusetts; and Chandler, Arizona, and at our international manufacturing facilities in Beaune-la Rolande, France and Brigueuil, France. In addition, we subcontract the manufacture of various products and components to a number of third-party subcontract manufacturers.

 

Our manufacturing processes are diverse and consist of: purchasing raw materials, principally stainless steel, aluminum and glass; processing the raw materials into components, subassemblies and finished products; purchasing components, assembling and testing components and subassemblies; and, for our larger products, assembling the subassemblies and components into integrated systems. We primarily design and manufacture components internally, although on a limited basis, we purchase completed products from certain third-party suppliers and resell those products through our distribution system. Most of these completed products are produced to our specifications and carry our name and logo.

 

We currently procure various components from single-sources due to unique component designs as well as certain quality and performance requirements. In addition, we manufacture certain components internally, and there are no readily available third-party suppliers of these components. If single-sourced components were to become unavailable or were to become unavailable on terms satisfactory to us, we would be required to purchase comparable components from other sources. While we believe that we would be able to obtain comparable replacement components from other sources in a timely manner, if we are unable to do so our business, results of operations or financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

We have not incurred material expenses related to environmental compliance in past periods, and, due to the nature of our businesses, do not expect to incur such expenses in the future.

 

Backlog

 

Our total consolidated backlog of orders totaled $36.3 million and $33.9 million at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively. As of December 31, 2003, $33.5 million of our consolidated backlog was scheduled to be shipped on or before December 31, 2004. Orders for many of the products we sell to the semiconductor equipment market, which comprise a significant portion of our sales, are often subject to cancellation or rescheduling by the customer, and we have from time to time experienced significant cancellations and pushouts of orders from these markets, which negatively affected our operating results in those periods. In addition, because we manufacture a significant portion of our standard catalog products for inventory, we often make shipments of these products upon or within a short time period following receipt of an order. As a result, our backlog of orders at any particular date may not be an accurate indicator of our sales for succeeding periods.

 

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Investments

 

In addition to the ownership of subsidiaries detailed in Exhibit 21.1 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we from time to time make investments in companies involved in developing products and technologies related to our business, and we currently hold minority ownership interests in a number of small, privately-held companies. These investments are designed to further our strategic objectives and to support our key business initiatives. We want to support growth in new technologies, particularly those related to our strategic markets, in order to create and expand markets for our products. While financial returns are not our primary goal, our strategic investment program seeks to invest in companies that can succeed and have a positive impact on their markets. During 2003, we invested $3.7 million to acquire 19.9% of NEXX Systems, Inc., a privately-held developer and manufacturer of flip chip processing equipment located in Billerica, Massachusetts, to continue to expand our participation in the flip chip packaging market. At December 31, 2003, the carrying value of our investments totaled $5.4 million.

 

Investments in technology companies involve significant risks, including the risks that such companies may be unable to raise additional required operating capital on acceptable terms or at all, or may not achieve or maintain market acceptance of their technology or products. In the event that any of such risks occurs, the value of our investment could decline significantly. In addition, because there is no public market for the securities we acquire, our ability to liquidate our investments is limited, and such markets may not develop in the future. In 2002, two fiber optic component manufacturers in which we had made minority investments in prior years experienced severe financial difficulties. Each manufacturer has shut down its business and liquidated its assets. As a result, in 2002 we recorded an asset write-down of $6.5 million relating to these investments. In the event that we are required to write-down the carrying value of one or more of our investments in the future, our earnings could be materially and adversely affected.

 

Employees

 

As of January 31, 2004, we had 942 employees worldwide. None of our employees are represented by a union. We believe that our relationships with our employees are good.

 

Availability of Reports

 

We make available free of charge on our web site at www.newport.com our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to such reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. We will also provide electronic or paper copies of such reports free of charge, upon request made to our Corporate Secretary.

 

Item 2.    Properties

 

Our corporate headquarters is located in Irvine, California. We lease this facility under a lease expiring in February 2012. Our primary manufacturing operations for each of our divisions are located in the following facilities:

 

Division


 

Primary Facility Locations


 

Approximate Facility Size


Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems

 

Chandler, Arizona

Richmond, California

North Billerica, Massachusetts

 

  20,000 square feet

139,000 square feet

  48,000 square feet

Industrial and Scientific Technologies

 

Irvine, California

Beaune-la Rolande, France

Brigueuil, France

 

273,000 square feet

  86,000 square feet

  44,000 square feet

 

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We own a portion of our Beaune-la Rolande, France facility. We lease all other facilities under leases with expiration dates ranging from 2006 to 2030. In addition to these primary facilities, we lease 12 facilities worldwide for administration, research and development, sales and/or service. We believe that our facilities are adequate for our current needs and that suitable additional or substitute space will be available in the future on commercially reasonable terms to accommodate expansion of our operations.

 

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business. We currently are not a party to any legal proceedings, the adverse outcome of which, in management’s opinion, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial position or cash flows.

 

Item 4.    Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2003.

 

PART II

 

Item 5.    Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Price Range of Common Stock

 

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol NEWP. As of January 31, 2004, we had 1,229 common stockholders of record based upon the records of our transfer agent which do not include beneficial owners of common stock whose shares are held in the names of various securities brokers, dealers and registered clearing agencies. The following table reflects the high and low sales prices of our common stock for each quarterly period during the last two fiscal years:

 

Quarter Ended


   High

   Low

December 31, 2003

   $ 17.57    $ 14.14

September 30, 2003

     19.18      14.02

June 30, 2003

     16.67      11.41

March 31, 2003

     14.99      10.49

December 31, 2002

     14.95      8.96

September 30, 2002

     19.40      10.90

June 30, 2002

     26.43      14.21

March 31, 2002

     27.47      18.50

 

Dividends

 

We declared no dividends on our common stock during 2003 or 2002. We do not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, however, we will periodically review this issue in the future based on changes in our financial position and investment opportunities, as well as any changes in the tax treatment of dividends.

 

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Item 6.     Selected Financial Data

 

The table below presents selected consolidated financial data of Newport and our subsidiaries as of and for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002, 2001, 2000, and 1999. The financial data presented incorporates the results of operations and financial position of Unique Equipment Co. (Unique) and KLI, which merged with Newport in 2000 and 2001, respectively, and the transactions have been accounted for as poolings of interests for all periods presented. This data has been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the full consolidated financial statements and associated notes and with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for such periods.

 

     As of or for the Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

    2000

    1999

 
(In thousands, except percentages)                               
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS:                                         

Net sales

   $ 134,789     $ 163,994     $ 289,963     $ 262,597     $ 143,146  

Cost of sales (1)

     90,746       138,183       192,698       138,539       76,543  
    


 


 


 


 


Gross profit

     44,043       25,811       97,265       124,058       66,603  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     43,573       50,222       57,311       51,453       33,319  

Research and development expense

     18,145       24,383       26,073       21,682       14,654  

Restructuring, impairment and other charges

     1,705       11,883       11,584       —         —    

Acquisition and other non-recurring charges

     —         —         10,683       —         —    
    


 


 


 


 


Operating income (loss)

     (19,380 )     (60,677 )     (8,386 )     50,923       18,630  

Interest and other income (expense), net

     8,013       10,269       13,786       6,041       (1,833 )

Asset write-down

     —         (6,490 )     —         —         —    
    


 


 


 


 


Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

     (11,367 )     (56,898 )     5,400       56,964       16,797  

Income tax provision (benefit)

     (812 )     14,011       1,929       12,936       3,850  
    


 


 


 


 


Income (loss) from continuing operations

     (10,555 )     (70,909 )     3,471       44,028       12,947  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (2,605 )     (15,209 )     (9,743 )     (2,055 )     (1,926 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (14,500 )     —         —         —    
    


 


 


 


 


Net income (loss)

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (6,272 )   $ 41,973     $ 11,021  
    


 


 


 


 


Percentage of net sales:

                                        

Gross profit

     32.7 %     15.7 %     33.5 %     47.2 %     46.5 %

Selling, general and administrative expense

     32.3       30.6       19.8       19.6       23.3  

Research and development expense

     13.5       14.9       9.0       8.3       10.2  

Restructuring, impairment and other charges

     1.3       7.2       3.9       —         —    

Acquisition and other non-recurring charges

     —         —         3.7       —         —    

Operating income (loss)

     (14.4 )     (37.0 )     (2.9 )     19.4       13.0  

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     (7.9 )     (43.2 )     1.2       16.8       9.0  

Net income (loss)

     (9.8 )     (61.4 )     (2.2 )     16.0       7.7  

(1)   For 2002 and 2001, includes inventory reserves of $28.7 million and $22.7 million, respectively, discussed in Note 4 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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     As of or for the Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

    2000

    1999

 

(In thousands, except per share and worldwide employment figures)

                                        
PER SHARE INFORMATION: (2)                                         

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:

                                        

Earnings (loss) per share, basic:

                                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.10     $ 1.32     $ 0.42  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.27 )     (0.07 )     (0.06 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —         —         —    
    


 


 


 


 


Net income (loss)

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )   $ 1.25     $ 0.36  
    


 


 


 


 


Earnings (loss) per share, diluted:

                                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.09     $ 1.23     $ 0.40  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.26 )     (0.06 )     (0.06 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —         —         —    
    


 


 


 


 


Net income (loss)

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )   $ 1.17     $ 0.34  
    


 


 


 


 


Shares used in computation of income (loss) per share:

                                        

Basic

     38,685       37,970       36,405       33,464       30,939  

Diluted

     38,685       37,970       37,830       35,835       32,075  

Dividends paid

   $ —       $ —       $ 0.01     $ 0.02     $ 0.01  

Total stockholders’ equity per diluted share

   $ 11.33     $ 11.76     $ 13.33     $ 13.43     $ 2.65  
BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION:                                         

Cash and marketable securities

   $ 267,302     $ 284,313     $ 281,601     $ 306,642     $ 9,241  

Working capital

     324,825       333,393       389,318       426,294       51,762  

Total assets

     468,219       486,338       543,877       557,020       140,292  

Total debt (includes obligations under capital leases)

     1,884       3,444       9,598       17,130       26,070  

Stockholders’ equity

     438,409       446,517       489,007       485,965       83,246  
MISCELLANEOUS STATISTICS:                                         

Common shares outstanding (2)

     39,032       38,560       36,693       36,196       31,413  

Annual average worldwide employment

     999       1,276       1,515       1,170       868  

Sales per employee

   $ 135     $ 129     $ 191     $ 224     $ 165  

(2)   Share and per share amounts have been adjusted to reflect the May 2000 three-for-one stock split.

 

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Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

This Item contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties and our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements as a result of various factors including those described in “Risks Relating To Our Business” on pages 25-31.

 

OVERVIEW

 

The following is a discussion and analysis of certain factors that have affected our results of operations and financial condition during the periods included in the accompanying financial statements. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and associated notes.

 

Acquisitions.    In February 2002, we acquired Micro Robotics Systems, Inc. (MRSI), a manufacturer of high-precision, automated assembly and dispensing systems. The transaction was accounted for using the purchase method.

 

In February 2001, we acquired Kensington Laboratories, Inc. (KLI), a manufacturer of high-precision robotic and motion control equipment primarily for the semiconductor industry. The KLI acquisition was accounted for using the pooling-of-interests method. Also in February 2001, we acquired Design Technology Corporation (DTC), a systems integrator specializing in the use of robotics and flexible automation solutions for manufacturing processes. The DTC acquisition was accounted for using the purchase method.

 

This discussion includes the effects of the acquisition of KLI for all years presented and the effects of the acquisitions of MRSI and DTC from their dates of acquisition.

 

Divestitures.    In March 2002, to more efficiently deploy our resources to those areas that are critical to product development efforts for our strategic markets, our Board of Directors approved management’s plan to sell our Industrial Metrology Systems division (IMSD), including the business of CEJohansson AB, a Sweden-based global supplier of advanced metrology systems that we acquired in December 2000. The sale of the IMSD division was completed in 2002.

 

In August 2002, to increase the efficiency of our product development and manufacturing efforts, our Board of Directors approved management’s plan to sell our operation in Plymouth, Minnesota, which manufactured high-precision motion stages for the semiconductor equipment, computer peripheral, fiber optic communications and life and health sciences markets and was part of our Industrial and Scientific Technologies division. In the first quarter of 2003, due to the weak response from potential buyers, we shut down the operation and liquidated the majority of the remaining assets.

 

Both of these divestitures have been accounted for as discontinued operations for all periods presented.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based on our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate these estimates and assumptions, including those related to allowance for doubtful accounts,

 

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inventory reserves, warranty obligations, restructuring reserves, asset impairment valuations and income tax valuations. We base these estimates on historical experience and on various other factors which we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. These estimates and assumptions by their nature involve risks and uncertainties, and may prove to be inaccurate. In the event that any of our estimates or assumptions are inaccurate in any material respect, it could have a material adverse effect on our reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.

 

The following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue Recognition.    We record revenue after all significant obligations have been met, collectibility is probable and title has passed, which typically occurs upon shipment or completion of services. For products that require installation for which the installation is essential to functionality or is not deemed inconsequential or perfunctory, we recognize revenue upon completion of installation. For products that require installation where installation is not essential to functionality and is deemed inconsequential or perfunctory we recognize revenue upon shipment with estimated installation costs accrued. However, if a portion of the revenue is not payable until installation is complete, we defer revenue up to the amount that is not payable. We defer revenues for training until the service is completed. We recognize revenue for extended service contracts through the passage of time.

 

Our customers generally have 30 days from the original invoice date (generally 60 days for international customers) to return a standard catalog product purchase for exchange or credit. The catalog product must be returned in its original condition and meet certain other criteria. Product returns of catalog items have historically been insignificant and are charged against revenue in the period returned. Custom, option-configured and certain other products as defined in the terms and conditions of sale cannot be returned.

 

Accounts Receivable.    We estimate the collectibility of customer receivables on an ongoing basis by periodically reviewing invoices outstanding over a certain period of time. We have recorded reserves for specific receivables deemed to be at risk for collection, as well as a general reserve based on our historical collections experience. A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the ultimate realization of these receivables, including the current credit-worthiness of each customer. In 2002, we increased our reserves for uncollectible accounts due to generally weak macro-economic conditions that have caused adverse changes in the financial condition of certain of our customers. If the financial conditions of our customers in the markets we serve were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make required payments, additional allowances may be required which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

Inventory.    We state our inventories at the lower of cost (determined on either a first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost basis) or market and provide reserves for potentially excess and obsolete inventory. In assessing the ultimate realization of inventories, we make judgments as to future demand requirements and compare those requirements with the current or committed inventory levels. Reserves are established for inventory levels that exceed expected future demand. We recorded significant reserves, primarily for excess inventory, in 2002 and 2001 due to deterioration in two of our primary target markets, fiber optic communications and semiconductor capital equipment. It is possible that additional changes in required inventory reserves may occur in the future due to changes in market conditions, which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

Warranty.    Unless otherwise stated in our product literature, we provide a one-year warranty from the original invoice date on all product material and workmanship. Products sold to original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers generally carry longer warranties, typically 15 to 24 months. Defective products will be either repaired or replaced, generally at our option, upon meeting certain criteria. We accrue a provision for the estimated costs that may be incurred for product warranties relating to a product as a component of cost of sales at the time revenue for that product is recognized. While we engage in extensive product quality programs and

 

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processes, including actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of our component suppliers, our warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. Should actual product failure rates, material usage and/or service delivery costs differ from our estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty obligation would be required which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

Impairment of Assets and Restructuring Reserves.    We assess the impairment of long-lived assets, other than goodwill, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. The determination of related estimated useful lives and whether or not these assets are impaired involves significant judgments, related primarily to the future profitability and/or future value of the assets. Changes in our strategic plan and/or market conditions could significantly impact these judgments and could require adjustments to recorded asset balances. We hold minority interests in companies having operations or technologies in areas within or adjacent to our strategic focus, all of which are privately held and whose values are difficult to determine. We record an investment impairment charge in any reporting period where we believe an investment has experienced a decline in value that is other than temporary. In 2002, two fiber optic component manufacturers in which we had made minority investments in prior years experienced severe financial difficulties. Each manufacturer has shut down its business and liquidated its assets. As a result, we recorded an asset write-down of $6.5 million in 2002 relating to these investments. Future adverse changes in market conditions or poor operating results of underlying investments could result in losses or an inability to recover the carrying value of the investments that may not be reflected in an investment’s current carrying value, thereby possibly requiring an impairment charge in the future.

 

In 2001, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141, Business Combinations (SFAS No. 141), and No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (SFAS No. 142), which we adopted on January 1, 2002. Under SFAS No. 142, goodwill is no longer amortized but is subject to impairment tests based upon a comparison of the fair value of each of our reporting units, as defined, and the carrying value of the reporting units’ net assets, including goodwill. Pursuant to SFAS No. 142, upon adoption we tested our goodwill for impairment and recorded an impairment charge, based upon an independent valuation, of $14.5 million as the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle as of January 1, 2002. SFAS No. 142 requires a review for impairment at least annually or when circumstances exist that would indicate an impairment of such goodwill. We perform the annual impairment review as of October 1st each year. The 2003 and 2002 annual reviews resulted in no additional impairment of the carrying value of goodwill. At December 31, 2003, we had goodwill of approximately $57.6 million.

 

During 2002 and 2001, in response to the continued severe downturn in the fiber optic communications market and the uncertainty with respect to the pace of recovery in the semiconductor equipment market, our Board of Directors approved restructuring and cost reduction plans designed to bring our operating costs in line with our business outlook at those times. As a result of these plans, we recorded significant reserves in 2002 and 2001. These reserves included estimates pertaining to employee separation costs and facility closure costs. Although we do not anticipate significant changes, the actual costs to settle such liabilities may differ from the amounts estimated.

 

As a result of our 2002 restructuring plan, we recorded restructuring charges of $3.1 million for employee severance and related termination costs, $9.1 million related to facility consolidations and $0.2 million related to other activities. In addition, we recorded charges of $1.5 million related to closure and consolidation of facilities, and $1.0 million related to consignment and demonstration inventory that we deemed to be obsolete or slow moving, both of which were included in selling, general and administrative expense for 2002. We also established additional reserves for excess and obsolete inventory of $28.7 million, which were included in cost of sales. In 2003, we increased our estimate of the required reserve for facility consolidations by $0.7 million to reflect settlements of our remaining lease obligations for certain leases as well as revised estimates of future sublease income. This amount was reflected in restructuring and other charges for 2003.

 

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In 2001, we recorded restructuring charges of $3.4 million for employee severance and related costs, $9.3 million related to facility consolidations and $1.3 million related to other activities. In addition, we established additional reserves for excess and obsolete inventory of $24.4 million, which were included in cost of sales. The 2001 actions were completed as of December 31, 2002, resulting in an excess restructuring reserve of $0.6 million. This amount was used to reduce the 2002 restructuring and asset impairment charges and the related accrued restructuring costs.

 

The following table summarizes the activity in the accrued restructuring costs:

 

     Employee
Severance


    Facility
Consolidation


    Other

    Total

 
(In thousands)                         

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

   $ 3,216     $ 7,644     $ 724     $ 11,584  

Cash payments

     (979 )     (46 )     (123 )     (1,148 )

Non-cash write-offs

     (337 )     (4,201 )     (601 )     (5,139 )
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2001

     1,900       3,397       —         5,297  

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

     3,079       9,151       203       12,433  

Cash payments

     (3,221 )     (1,790 )     (127 )     (5,138 )

Non-cash write-offs

     —         (5,872 )     (196 )     (6,068 )

Reversal of excess 2001 reserves

     —         (550 )     —         (550 )

Reclassifications

     —         (120 )     120       —    
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2002

     1,758       4,216       —         5,974  

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

     —         651       —         651  

Cash payments

     (2,343 )     (2,595 )     —         (4,938 )

Reclassifications

     585       (585 )     —         —    
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2003

   $ —       $ 1,687     $ —       $ 1,687  
    


 


 


 


 

As of December 31, 2003, 331 employees had been terminated under the 2002 restructuring plan, and all of the accrued employee severance had been paid. The facility consolidation reserves will be paid over the associated lease terms, which expire at various dates between 2005 and 2008. At December 31, 2003 and 2002, $1.1 million and $3.9 million, respectively, of accrued restructuring costs were expected to be paid within one year and are reflected in current liabilities, and $0.6 million and $2.1 million, respectively, of accrued restructuring costs were included in long-term accrued restructuring costs and other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Income Taxes.    We provide for income taxes based on the estimated effective income tax rate for the complete fiscal year. The income tax provision (benefit) is computed on the pretax income (loss) of the consolidated entities located within each taxing jurisdiction based on current tax law. Deferred taxes result from the future tax consequences associated with temporary differences between the recorded amounts of the assets and liabilities for tax and financial accounting purposes. A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is recorded to the extent we cannot determine, in accordance with the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, (SFAS No. 109), that the ultimate realization of the net deferred tax assets is more likely than not.

 

We currently have significant deferred tax assets, which are subject to periodic recoverability assessments. We recorded a valuation reserve in the third quarter of 2002 against our deferred tax assets pursuant to SFAS No. 109, due to the uncertainty as to the timing and ultimate realization of those assets. As such, we did not recognize any tax benefit on the losses recorded in 2003 and recorded a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets for the current period. For the foreseeable future, the tax provision related to future earnings will be substantially offset by a reduction in the valuation reserve, and any future pretax losses will not be offset by a tax benefit due to the uncertainty of the recoverability of the deferred tax assets.

 

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Realization of our deferred tax assets is principally dependent upon our achievement of future taxable income and/or tax planning strategies, the estimation of which requires significant management judgment. Our judgments regarding future profitability may change due to many factors, including future market conditions and our ability to successfully execute our business plans and/or tax planning strategies. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to these deferred tax asset balances.

 

Fiscal Year End.    Effective beginning in the first quarter of 2004, we are changing to a conventional 52/53-week accounting fiscal year. Our fiscal year will end on the Saturday closest to December 31, and our fiscal quarters will end on the Saturday closest to the end of each corresponding calendar quarter. As a result, for fiscal 2004, our first, second and third quarters will end on April 3, 2004, July 3, 2004 and October 2, 2004, respectively, and our fiscal year will end on January 1, 2005.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following table represents the results of operations for the periods indicated as a percentage of net sales:

 

      

Percentage of Net Sales

For the Years Ended December 31,


 
       2003

     2002

     2001

 

Net sales

     100.0 %    100.0 %    100.0 %

Cost of sales

     67.3      84.3      66.5  
      

  

  

Gross profit

     32.7      15.7      33.5  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     32.3      30.6      19.8  

Research and development expense

     13.5      14.9      9.0  

Restructuring, impairment and other charges

     1.3      7.2      3.9  

Acquisition and other non-recurring charges

     —        —        3.7  
      

  

  

Operating loss

     (14.4 )    (37.0 )    (2.9 )

Interest and other income, net

     5.9      6.3      4.8  

Asset write-down

     —        (4.0 )    —    
      

  

  

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

     (8.5 )    (34.7 )    1.9  

Income tax provision (benefit)

     (0.6 )    8.5      0.7  
      

  

  

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     (7.9 )    (43.2 )    1.2  

Loss from discontinued operations

     (1.9 )    (9.3 )    (3.4 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —        (8.9 )    —    
      

  

  

Net loss

     (9.8 )%    (61.4 )%    (2.2 )%
      

  

  

 

Net Sales.    For 2003, 2002 and 2001, our net sales totaled $134.8 million, $164.0 million and $290.0 million, respectively. Net sales for 2003 decreased $29.2 million, or 17.8%, compared with 2002. The decrease in net sales was principally attributable to reductions in sales to the semiconductor equipment and fiber optic communications markets, both of which experienced significant downturns from 2002 levels, as well as to reductions in sales to our other end markets due to generally weak macro-economic conditions, offset in part by a slight increase in sales to the life and health sciences market. Net sales for 2002 decreased $126.0 million, or 43.4%, compared with 2001. This decrease in net sales resulted primarily from significant reductions in sales to the fiber optic communications and semiconductor equipment markets, offset in part by a slight increase in sales to the aerospace and research markets.

 

Sales to the semiconductor equipment market were $45.5 million, $61.0 million and $86.6 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. Sales to this market in 2003 decreased $15.5 million, or 25.4%, compared with 2002, and sales to this market in 2002 decreased $25.6 million, or 29.6%, compared with 2001. The declines in

 

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both periods reflect weakness in demand by semiconductor manufacturers for capital equipment, which led to a significant reduction in demand for the components, subsystems, robots and turnkey systems that we sell to this market. The declines in 2003 and 2002, compared with their respective prior-year periods, were offset in part by the inclusion of sales from MRSI, which we acquired in February 2002.

 

Sales to our other markets, comprised primarily of research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and other end markets we serve were $82.5 million, $86.0 million and $101.2 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. Sales to these markets in 2003 decreased $3.5 million, or 4.1%, compared with 2002. Sales to life and health sciences customers in 2003 were higher compared with 2002, but this increase was offset by reductions in sales to other end markets due to weak overall macro-economic conditions and a continued decline in sales to industrial customers supporting the telecommunications industry. Sales to these markets in 2002 decreased $15.2 million, or 15.0%, compared with 2001. Sales to research and aerospace customers in 2002 were higher compared with 2001, but this increase was offset by a significant reduction in sales to industrial customers supporting the telecommunications industry.

 

Sales to the fiber optic communications market were $6.8 million, $17.0 million and $102.2 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. Sales to this market in 2003 decreased $10.2 million, or 60.0%, compared with 2002, and sales to this market in 2002 decreased $85.2 million, or 83.4%, compared with 2001, reflecting the severe contraction in capital spending in this market.

 

For 2003, 2002 and 2001, domestic sales were $92.3 million, $116.2 million and $201.7 million, respectively. Domestic sales in 2003 decreased $23.9 million, or 20.6%, compared with 2002, driven primarily by decreases in sales to the semiconductor equipment market, the fiber optic communications market and our other end markets due to the factors discussed above. Domestic sales to the semiconductor equipment market for 2003 were $40.9 million, a decrease of $16.2 million, or 28.4%, compared with 2002. Sales to this market in 2002 were $57.1 million, a decrease of $25.6 million, or 31.0%, compared with 2001. Domestic sales to the fiber optic communications market for 2003 were $3.9 million, a decrease of $6.0 million, or 60.6%, compared with 2002. Sales to this market in 2002 were $9.9 million, a decrease of $51.2 million, or 83.8%, compared with 2001. Domestic sales to our other end markets for 2003 were $47.5 million, a decrease of $1.7 million, or 3.5%, compared with 2002. Sales to these markets in 2002 were $49.2 million, a decrease of $8.7 million, or 15.0%, compared with 2001.

 

International sales totaled $42.5 million, $47.8 million and $88.3 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. For 2003, international sales decreased $5.3 million, or 11.1%, due primarily to decreases in sales to the fiber optic communications market and our other end markets due to the factors discussed above. The decrease was partially offset by favorable exchange rate changes and increases in sales to semiconductor back-end packaging customers, although the impact of such factors on the sales to each geographic market varies based on the composition of our sales to that geographic market. For 2002, international sales decreased $40.5 million, or 45.9%, compared with 2001, due primarily to decreases in the fiber optic communications market and our other end markets. International sales to the semiconductor equipment market for 2003 were $4.6 million, an increase of $0.7 million, or 17.9% compared with 2002. Sales to this market in 2002 of $3.9 million were flat compared with 2001. International sales to the fiber optic communications market for 2003 were $2.9 million, a decrease of $4.2 million, or 59.2%, compared with 2002. Sales to this market in 2002 were $7.1 million, a decrease of $34.0 million, or 82.7%, compared with 2001. International sales to our other end markets for 2003 were $35.0 million, a decrease of $1.8 million, or 4.9%, compared with 2002. Sales to these markets in 2002 were $36.8 million, a decrease of $6.5 million, or 15.0%, compared with 2001.

 

Geographically, sales to European customers were $25.3 million, a decrease of $4.5 million, or 15.1%, compared with 2002. Sales to these customers in 2002 were $29.8 million, a decrease of $25.8 million, or 46.4%, compared with 2001. Sales to Pacific Rim customers were $13.6 million, an increase of $0.4 million, or 3.0%, compared with 2002. Sales to these customers in 2002 were $13.2 million, a decrease of $5.6 million, or 29.8%, compared with 2001. Sales to Canadian customers were $1.9 million, an increase of $0.8 million, or 29.6%,

 

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compared with 2002. Sales to these customers in 2002 were $2.7 million, a decrease of $7.8 million, or 74.3%, compared with 2001. Sales to other international customers in 2003 were $1.7 million, a decrease of $0.4 million, or 19.0%, compared with 2002. Sales to these customers in 2002 were $2.1 million, a decrease of $1.3 million, or 38.2% compared with 2001.

 

The results of our international operations are subject to currency fluctuations. As the value of the U.S. dollar weakens relative to other currencies, sales in those currencies convert to more U.S. dollars; conversely, when the value of the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to other currencies, sales in those countries convert to fewer U.S. dollars. Our net sales increased by $4.2 million in 2003 compared with 2002, and increased by $1.6 million in 2002 compared with 2001, due to reductions in the average value of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies compared with the corresponding prior-year periods.

 

Our business is subject to risks arising from market conditions in the semiconductor equipment and fiber optic communications markets, as well as from general economic conditions. The general softness in economic conditions has constrained capital spending in many of our end markets. The semiconductor equipment market continues to be constrained by capital spending controls at most major manufacturers, though we have seen some increases in orders from customers in this market in recent quarters. The downturn in the fiber optic communications market worsened throughout 2002 and remained depressed in 2003, and we expect our orders from and sales to this market to remain depressed until at least 2005. The precise timing and extent of any recovery from these conditions in the semiconductor equipment and fiber optic communications markets is difficult to predict and represents a significant uncertainty with respect to our future operating results. We expect that our sales to our other markets, comprised primarily of the research, aerospace and defense and life and health sciences markets will fluctuate from period to period in line with changes in overall research and defense spending levels, but will increase in future periods as we increase our penetration of these markets and the life and health sciences market in particular.

 

Gross Margin.    Gross margin was 32.7%, 15.7% and 33.5% for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. Gross margins for 2002 and 2001 included charges to cost of sales for increased inventory reserves of $28.7 million, or 17.5% of net sales, and $22.7 million, or 7.8% of net sales, respectively, as part of the 2002 and 2001 cost reduction plans discussed previously. Our overall gross margins in 2003 were negatively impacted by previously capitalized underabsorbed overhead costs. Products sold in 2003 were produced during periods in which substantial unabsorbed overhead costs were allocated to inventory. These variances, which were caused primarily by lower sales volume and production activity, were capitalized when the inventory was produced and are charged to cost of sales when the related products are sold. The negative effect of these capitalized variances was partially offset by the cost reduction actions that we implemented during the second half of 2002 and throughout 2003, including facility consolidations and headcount reductions. In addition to the increased inventory reserves charge of $28.7 million, 2002 gross margins were also negatively impacted by underabsorbed overhead costs caused by significantly lower sales volume and lower fixed overhead absorption in 2002, offset in part by lower sales to OEM customers.

 

In the next several quarters, we expect our margins to be negatively impacted by the effect of unabsorbed overhead cost variances that were capitalized previously. Generally, we expect that our gross margin will fluctuate in future periods due to factors including absorption of fixed overhead due to sales volumes and production activity, product mix and the proportion of sales to OEM customers, material costs, changes in the carrying value of inventory and manufacturing efficiencies. In particular, because a significant portion of our manufacturing overhead is fixed in the short term, the impact of increases or decreases in sales on our gross margin will likely not be in proportion to the changes in net sales.

 

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A) Expense.    SG&A expense totaled $43.6 million, or 32.3% of net sales, $50.2 million, or 30.6% of net sales and $57.3 million, or 19.8% of net sales for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. SG&A expense for 2002 included expenses in the third quarter of $2.5 million, or 1.5% of net sales, for costs incurred in connection with our cost reduction initiatives. SG&A expense for 2001 included $2.5 million of amortization of goodwill, which beginning in 2002, is no longer required to be amortized, but instead

 

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is subject to periodic impairment testing, pursuant to SFAS No. 142. The decrease in absolute dollars in 2003 compared with 2002 was attributable primarily to the impact of the significant cost reduction actions we have undertaken in the last 18 months. The benefits of these cost reduction actions were offset in part by the inclusion of a full year of SG&A expense relating to MRSI, which we acquired in February 2002, and for which there was not a full year of costs in 2002, and by higher legal expenses incurred in 2003 to protect our intellectual property. The decrease in expenses in 2002 compared with 2001 resulted from lower variable expenses related to the lower sales volume and from the benefits of our cost reduction measures, offset in part by the addition of SG&A expenses relating to MRSI, for which there was no comparable expense in 2001.

 

We expect that SG&A as a percentage of sales will fluctuate in the future based on our sales level in any given period. Because a significant portion of our SG&A expenses are fixed in the short term, these fluctuations will likely not be in proportion to the changes in net sales.

 

Research and Development (R&D) Expense.    R&D expense totaled $18.1 million, or 13.5% of net sales, $24.4 million, or 14.9% of net sales and $26.1 million, or 9.0% of net sales for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. R&D expense decreased $6.3 million, or 25.8% in 2003 compared with 2002. This decrease in R&D expense was attributable primarily to reductions in R&D spending in the fiber optic communications area, as well as our efforts to maximize the focus and efficiency of our R&D efforts, offset in part by the inclusion of a full year of R&D expenses associated with the operations of MRSI, for which there was not a full year of costs in 2002. R&D expense declined $1.7 million, or 6.5%, in 2002 compared with 2001 due primarily to our efforts to maximize the focus and efficiency of our R&D efforts, offset by additional R&D spending related to MRSI, for which there was no comparable expense in 2001.

 

We believe that the continued development and advancement of our key products and technologies is critical to our future success. Accordingly, we intend to continue to invest in key R&D initiatives, while working to ensure that the efforts are focused and the funds are deployed efficiently. We expect that R&D expense as a percentage of sales will fluctuate in the future based on our sales level in any given period. Because of our commitment to continued product development, and because a significant portion of our R&D expense are fixed in the short term, these fluctuations will likely not be in proportion to the changes in net sales.

 

Restructuring, Impairment and Other Charges.    Restructuring, impairment and other charges totaled $1.7 million, $11.9 million and $11.6 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively, of which, $0.7 million, $11.9 million and $11.6 million related to the cost reduction and related initiatives discussed previously. Such charges in 2003 also included $1.0 million of additional severance related to our cost reduction actions taken in 2003 that were not included in the original 2002 restructuring charge.

 

Acquisition and Other Non-Recurring Charges.    During the first quarter of 2001, we recorded acquisition and other non-recurring charges of $10.7 million. These charges were comprised of $9.2 million for investment banking, legal and accounting fees related to our acquisition of KLI and a charge of $1.5 million related to the acceleration of stock options held by a retiring executive officer.

 

Interest and Other Income, Net.    Interest and other income, net totaled $8.0 million, $10.3 million and $13.8 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. The decrease in 2003 from 2002 was due primarily to lower interest earned due to lower yields on cash and marketable securities. The decrease in 2002 from 2001 was due primarily to lower interest earned due to lower yields on cash and marketable securities, as well as lower interest expense due to lower outstanding debt in 2002. We expect that net interest and other income will fluctuate in future periods based on cash balances, changes in interest rates and the timing of sales of marketable securities.

 

Asset Write-Down.    Two fiber optic component manufacturers in which we had made minority investments in prior years experienced severe financial difficulties during 2002. Each manufacturer has shut down its operations and liquidated its assets. As a result, we wrote down these investments to their estimated fair value, resulting in a charge of $6.5 million during 2002.

 

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Income Taxes.    Our effective tax rates from continuing operations were 7.1%, (24.6%) and 35.7% for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. In 2003, we recorded an income tax benefit of $0.8 million, compared with a $14.0 million income tax expense in 2002. The income tax benefit in 2003 was attributable to Federal income tax refunds and refundable foreign income tax incentives related to research and development, and to the favorable settlement of various IRS examinations. The income tax expense in 2002 resulted from a valuation allowance that was recorded against a portion of our deferred tax assets pursuant to SFAS No. 109, due to the uncertainty as to the timing and ultimate realization of those assets. As such, we did not recognize any tax benefit on the losses recorded in the current periods. For the foreseeable future, the tax provision related to future earnings will be substantially offset by a reduction in the valuation reserve, and any future pretax losses will not be offset by a tax benefit due to uncertainty of the recoverability of the deferred tax assets.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Net cash used in our operating activities of $9.8 million in 2003 was primarily attributable to the cash portion of our net loss, cash payments for accrued expenses and other current liabilities of $5.7 million, cash payments for accrued restructuring costs of $4.9 million, and an increase in accounts receivable of $4.2 million, offset in part by a decrease in inventory of $3.5 million, a decrease in other current assets of $1.9 million and an increase in accounts payable of $1.8 million.

 

Net cash used in investing activities of $23.2 million in 2003 was attributable to net purchases of marketable securities of $16.2 million, purchases of equity investments and intellectual property of $4.6 million, and net purchases of property, plant and equipment of $2.4 million.

 

Net cash used in financing activities of $0.5 million in 2003 was attributable to the repayment of long-term debt of $3.2 million, which includes the early repayment of the outstanding principal balance of $3.0 million owed on our 8.25% senior notes, and repurchases of our common stock of $4.6 million, offset in part by the proceeds from the issuance of common stock in connection with stock option and purchase plans of $5.3 million, and proceeds of $2.0 million related to a sale/leaseback facility refinancing.

 

At December 31, 2003, we had cash and cash equivalents of $11.8 million and marketable securities of $255.5 million. Substantially all of our marketable securities are divided into two portfolios, each managed by a professional investment management firm, under the oversight of our senior financial management team and the Investment Committee of our Board of Directors. Such portfolio managers invest the funds allocated to them in accordance with our Investment Policy, which is reviewed regularly by our senior financial management and the Investment Committee. We expect that our portfolio balances will fluctuate in the future based on factors such as cash used in or provided by ongoing operations, acquisitions or divestitures, investments in other companies, share repurchases, capital expenditures and contractual obligations, as well as changes in interest rates and foreign exchange rates.

 

At December 31, 2003, we had in place a $5.0 million revolving line of credit expiring December 31, 2004. Certain of the marketable securities that are being managed by the lending institution collateralize the line of credit. The line bears interest at the prevailing prime rate, or the prevailing London Interbank Offered Rate (1.11% at December 31, 2003) plus 1.5%, at our option, plus an unused line fee of 0.25% per year. At December 31, 2003, there were no balances outstanding under the line of credit, with $4.2 million available under the line, after considering outstanding letters of credit totaling $0.8 million.

 

In 2003, we purchased a minority interest in NEXX Systems, Inc., a privately-held developer of flip chip processing equipment for back-end semiconductor manufacturing applications, for $3.7 million. The investment is made up of a $1.2 million common stock component and a $2.5 million preferred stock component. Both amounts are reflected in investments and other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. We are accounting for this investment using the cost method of accounting.

 

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In April 2003, we announced that our board of directors had approved a share repurchase program authorizing us to purchase up to 3.9 million shares, or 10% of our then-outstanding stock. The purchases may be made from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, and the timing and amount of the purchases will be based on factors including our share price, cash balances, expected cash requirements and general business and market conditions. During 2003, we repurchased 285,829 shares at a cost of $4.5 million.

 

We lease certain of our manufacturing and office facilities and equipment under non-cancelable operating leases.

 

As of December 31, 2003, we had no material purchase obligations, no long-term debt and no long-term obligations, other than obligations under capital and operating leases. Our capital and operating lease obligations at December 31, 2003 are summarized as follows:

 

     Capital
Leases


   

Operating

Leases


  

Total

Obligations


(In thousands)

                     

Payments Due By Period

                     

2004

   $ 385     $ 6,385    $ 6,770

2005

     239       5,324      5,563

2006

     163       4,636      4,799

2007

     163       3,514      3,677

2008

     163       2,915      3,078

Thereafter

     1,634       5,903      7,537
    


 

  

Total minimum lease payments

     2,747     $ 28,677    $ 31,424
            

  

Less amount representing interest

     (863 )             
    


            

Present value of net minimum capital lease payments

   $ 1,884               
    


            

 

We believe our current working capital position, together with our expected future cash flows from operations and our existing credit availability, will be adequate to fund operations in the ordinary course of business, anticipated capital expenditures, anticipated repurchases of common stock, debt payment requirements and other contractual obligations, for the foreseeable future. However, this belief is based upon many assumptions and is subject to numerous risks (see “Risks Relating To Our Business,” on pages 25-31, and there can be no assurance that we will not require additional funding in the future.

 

We have no present agreements or commitments with respect to any material acquisitions of other businesses, products, product rights or technologies or any material capital expenditures. However, we continue to evaluate acquisitions of and/or investments in products, technologies, capital equipment or improvements or companies that complement our business and may make such acquisitions and/or investments in the future. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will not need to obtain additional sources of capital in the future to finance any such acquisitions and/or investments.

 

NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

 

In January 2003, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Interpretation 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of ARB No. 51 (FIN 46). In December 2003, the FASB modified FIN 46 to make certain technical corrections and address certain implementation issues that had arisen. FIN 46 provides a new framework for identifying variable interest entities (VIEs) and determining when a company should include the assets, liabilities, noncontrolling interests and results of activities of a VIE in its consolidated financial statements. In general, a VIE is a corporation, partnership, limited liability corporation, trust, or any other legal structure used to conduct activities or hold assets that either (1) has an insufficient amount of equity to carry out its principal activities without additional subordinated financial support, (2) has a

 

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group of equity owners that are unable to make significant decisions about its activities, or (3) has a group of equity owners that do not have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive returns generated by its operations.

 

FIN 46 requires a VIE to be consolidated if a party with an ownership, contractual or other financial interest in the VIE (a variable interest holder) is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from the VIE’s activities, is entitled to receive a majority of the VIE’s residual returns (if no party absorbs a majority of the VIE’s losses), or both. A variable interest holder that consolidates the VIE is called the primary beneficiary. Upon consolidation, the primary beneficiary generally must initially record all of the VIE’s assets, liabilities and noncontrolling interests at fair value and subsequently account for the VIE as if it were consolidated based on majority voting interest. FIN 46 also requires disclosures about VIEs that the variable interest holder is not required to consolidate but in which it has a significant variable interest. FIN 46 was effective immediately for VIEs created after January 31, 2003. We adopted the provisions of FIN 46, as revised, as of December 31, 2003. We do not have any VIEs that would be required to be consolidated or disclosed.

 

In November 2002, the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) reached a consensus on Issue No. 00-21, Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables (EITF 00-21). EITF 00-21 provides guidance on how to account for certain arrangements that involve the delivery or performance of multiple products, services and/or rights to use assets. The provisions of EITF 00-21 apply to revenue arrangements entered into in fiscal periods beginning after June 15, 2003. The adoption of EITF 00-21 did not have a significant impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

In December 2003, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, Revenue Recognition (SAB 104), which provides guidance on the recognition, presentation and disclosure of revenue in financial statements filed with the SEC. SAB 104 revises or rescinds portions of the interpretive guidance that was previously issued in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 101, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements (SAB 101) that was issued in December 1999 in order to make this interpretive guidance consistent with current authoritative accounting and auditing guidance and SEC rules and regulations. The adoption of SAB 104 did not have a significant impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

RISKS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS

 

The following is a summary of certain risks we face in our business. They are not the only risks we face. Additional risks of which we are not presently aware or that we currently believe are immaterial may also harm our business and results of operations. The trading price of our common stock could decline due to the occurrence of any of these risks, and investors could lose all or part of their investment. In assessing these risks, investors should also refer to the other information contained or incorporated by reference in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Our operating results are difficult to predict, and if we fail to meet the expectations of investors and/or securities analysts, the market price of our common stock will likely decline significantly.

 

Our operating results in any given quarter have fluctuated and will likely continue to fluctuate. These fluctuations are typically unpredictable and can result from numerous factors including:

 

    fluctuations in our customers’ capital spending, industry cyclicality and other economic conditions within the markets we serve;

 

    demand for our products and the products sold by our customers;

 

    the level of orders within a given quarter and preceding quarters;

 

    the timing and level of cancellations and delays of orders for our products;

 

    the timing of product shipments within a given quarter;

 

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    our timing in introducing new products;

 

    variations in the mix of products we sell in each of the markets in which we do business;

 

    changes in our pricing policies or in the pricing policies of our competitors or suppliers;

 

    market acceptance of any new or enhanced versions of our products;

 

    the availability and cost of key components and raw materials we use to manufacture our products;

 

    our ability to manufacture a sufficient quantity of our products to meet customer demand;

 

    fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;

 

    timing of new product introductions by our competitors; and

 

    our levels of expenses.

 

We may in the future choose to change prices, increase spending, or add or eliminate products in response to actions by competitors or in an effort to pursue new market opportunities. These actions may also adversely affect our business and operating results and may cause our quarterly results to be lower than the results of previous quarters. We believe that quarter-to-quarter comparisons of results from operations, or any other similar period-to-period comparisons, should not be construed as reliable indicators of our future performance. In any period, our results may be below the expectations of market analysts and investors, which would likely cause the trading price of our common stock to drop.

 

We are highly dependent on the semiconductor equipment industry, which is volatile and unpredictable.

 

A substantial portion of our current and expected future business comes from sales of subsystem products to manufacturers of semiconductor fabrication and metrology equipment and sales of capital equipment to integrated semiconductor device manufacturers. The semiconductor market has historically been characterized by sudden and severe cyclical variations in product supply and demand. The timing, severity and duration of these market cycles are difficult to predict, and we may not be able to respond effectively to these cycles. The continuing uncertainty in this market severely limits our ability to predict our business prospects or financial results in this market.

 

During industry downturns, our revenues from this market will decline suddenly and significantly. Our ability to rapidly and effectively reduce our cost structure in response to such downturns is limited by the fixed nature of many of our expenses in the near term and by our need to continue our investment in next-generation product technology and to support and service our products. In addition, due to the relatively long manufacturing lead times for some of the systems and subsystems we sell to this market, we may incur expenditures or purchase raw materials or components for products we cannot sell. Accordingly, downturns in the semiconductor capital equipment market may materially harm our operating results. Conversely, when upturns in this market occur, we must be able to rapidly and effectively increase our manufacturing capacity to meet increases in customer demand that may be extremely rapid, and if we fail to do so we may lose business to our competitors and our relationships with our customers may be harmed.

 

A limited number of customers account for a significant portion of our sales to the semiconductor market, and we are highly dependent on the success of their products.

 

We rely on a limited number of customers for a significant portion of our sales to the semiconductor capital equipment market. Our top five customers in this market comprised approximately 72.5%, 75.2% and 61.1% of our sales to this market for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively, and our top two customers accounted for approximately 51.6%, 54.3% and 38.5%, respectively, of our sales to this market in these periods. In 2003, one customer in this market, KLA-Tencor Corporation, comprised 10.2% of our consolidated net sales for the year. In the back-end packaging portion of this market, two customers constituted

 

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substantially all of our sales to this portion during 2003. If any of our principal customers discontinues its relationship with us, replaces us as a vendor for certain products or suffers downturns in its business, our business and results of operations could be harmed significantly. In addition, because a relatively small number of companies dominate the front-end equipment and back-end packaging portions of this market, and because those companies rarely change vendors in the middle of a product’s life cycle, it may be particularly difficult for us to replace these customers if we lose their business.

 

The semiconductor capital equipment market is characterized by rapid technological change, frequent product introductions, changing customer requirements and evolving industry standards. Because our customers face uncertainties with regard to the growth and requirements of these markets, their products and components may not achieve, or continue to achieve, anticipated levels of market acceptance. If our customers are unable to deliver products that gain market acceptance, it is likely that these customers will not purchase our products or will purchase smaller quantities of our products. We often invest substantial resources in developing our systems and subsystems in advance of significant sales of these systems and/or subsystems to such customers. A failure on the part of our subsystem customers’ products to gain market acceptance, or a failure of the semiconductor capital equipment market to grow would have a significant negative effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Our future growth is dependent on the growth of 300mm semiconductor wafer processes and flip chip packaging.

 

A significant portion of our expected future subsystem business in the semiconductor capital equipment market is comprised of products for the fabrication of 300mm semiconductor wafers. Wafer fabrication equipment for 300mm wafers is in an early stage of its adoption, and is expected to be driven by the need for the ability to manufacture more semiconductor chips at lower cost. The deployment of such equipment requires a significant capital investment by semiconductor manufacturers, and many semiconductor manufacturers have delayed plans to deploy such equipment until market conditions improve. In addition, recently certain industry analysts have forecasted more conservative capital equipment spending and slower adoption of new technologies by semiconductor manufacturers in future periods. If the demand for capital equipment for 300mm wafers does not increase, or increases more slowly than expected, demand for our subsystem products will likewise be adversely affected, and our business and results of operations could be harmed significantly.

 

In addition, a significant portion of our expected future capital equipment sales to the integrated semiconductor device manufacturing market is comprised of systems for flip chip bonding and other advanced die bonding techniques. Demand for these systems is expected to be driven in significant part by increases in demand for new technologies in industries such as communications and consumer electronics that require the use of such manufacturing techniques. If the demand for electronic devices requiring flip chip bonding and/or other advanced die bonding techniques does not increase, or increases more slowly than expected, demand for our capital equipment will likewise be adversely affected, and our business and results of operations could be harmed significantly.

 

Many of the markets and industries that we serve are subject to rapid technological change, and if we do not introduce new and innovative products or improve our existing products, our business and results of operations will be negatively affected.

 

Many of our markets are characterized by rapid technological advances, evolving industry standards, shifting customer needs and new product introductions and enhancements. Products in our markets often become outdated quickly and without warning. We depend to a significant extent upon our ability to enhance our existing products, to anticipate and address the demands of the marketplace for new and improved technology, either through internal development or by acquisitions, and to be price competitive. If we or our competitors introduce new or enhanced products, it may cause our customers to defer or cancel orders for our existing products. In addition, because certain of our markets experience severe cyclicality in capital spending, if we fail to introduce

 

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new products in a timely manner we may miss market upturns, and may fail to have our subsystem products designed into our customers’ products. We may not be successful in acquiring, developing, manufacturing or marketing new products on a timely or cost-effective basis. If we fail to adequately introduce new, competitive products on a timely basis, our business and results of operations would be harmed.

 

We offer products for multiple industries and must face the challenges of supporting the distinct needs of each of the markets we serve.

 

We market products for the semiconductor capital equipment, scientific research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications markets. Because we operate in multiple markets, we must work constantly to understand the needs, standards and technical requirements of several different industries and must devote significant resources to developing different products for these industries. Product development is costly and time consuming. Many of our products are used by our customers to develop, manufacture and test their own products. As a result, we must anticipate trends in our customers’ industries and develop products before our customers’ products are commercialized. If we do not accurately predict our customers’ needs and future activities, we may invest substantial resources in developing products that do not achieve broad market acceptance. Our decision to continue to offer products to a given market or to penetrate new markets is based in part on our judgment of the size, growth rate and other factors that contribute to the attractiveness of a particular market. If our product offerings in any particular market are not competitive or our analyses of a market are incorrect, our business and results of operations would be harmed.

 

Because the sales cycle for some of our products is long and difficult to predict, and certain of our orders are subject to rescheduling or cancellation, we may experience fluctuations in our operating results.

 

Many of our capital equipment and subsystem products are complex, and customers for these products require substantial time to make purchase decisions. These customers often perform, or require us to perform extensive configuration, testing and evaluation of our products before committing to purchasing them. The sales cycle for our capital equipment and subsystem products from initial contact through shipment typically varies, is difficult to predict and can last as long as one year. The orders comprising our backlog are often subject to cancellation and changes in delivery schedules by our customers without significant penalty. We have from time to time experienced order rescheduling and cancellations that have caused our revenues in a given period to be materially less than would have been expected based on our backlog at the beginning of the period. If we experience such rescheduling and/or cancellations in the future, our operating results will fluctuate from period to period. These fluctuations could harm our results of operations and cause our stock price to drop.

 

We face significant risks from doing business in foreign countries.

 

Our business is subject to risks inherent in conducting business internationally. For the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001, our international revenues accounted for approximately 31.5%, 29.1% and 30.4%, respectively, of total net sales, with a substantial portion of sales originating in Europe. We expect that international revenues will continue to account for a significant percentage of total net sales for the foreseeable future. As a result of our international operations, we face various risks, which include:

 

    adverse changes in the political or economic conditions in countries or regions where we manufacture or sell our products;

 

    challenges of administering our business globally;

 

    compliance with multiple and potentially conflicting regulatory requirements including export requirements, tariffs and other trade barriers;

 

    longer accounts receivable collection periods;

 

    overlapping, differing or more burdensome tax structures;

 

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    adverse currency fluctuations;

 

    differing protection of intellectual property;

 

    difficulties in staffing and managing each of our individual foreign operations;

 

    increased risk of exposure to terrorist activities; and

 

    trade restrictions and licensing requirements.

 

As a result of our international operations, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates could affect the sales price in local currencies of our products in foreign markets, potentially making our products less competitive. In addition, exchange rate fluctuations could increase the costs and expenses of our foreign operations or require us to modify our current business practices. If we experience any of the risks associated with international business, our business and results of operations could be significantly harmed.

 

We face substantial competition, and if we fail to compete effectively, our operating results will suffer.

 

The markets for our products are intensely competitive, and we believe that competition from both new and existing competitors will increase in the future. We compete in several specialized markets, against a limited number of companies in each market. We also face competition in some of our markets from our existing and potential customers who have developed or may develop products that are competitive to ours, or who engage subcontract manufacturers to manufacture OEM subassembly products on their behalf. Many of our existing and potential competitors are more established, enjoy greater name recognition and possess greater financial, technological and marketing resources than we do. Other competitors are small and highly specialized firms that are able to focus on only one aspect of a market. We compete on the basis of product features, quality, reliability and price and on our ability to manufacture and deliver our products on a timely basis. We may not be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or new competitors. In addition, competitive pressures may force us to reduce our prices, which could negatively affect our operating results. If we do not respond adequately to competitive challenges, our business and results of operations would be harmed.

 

Acquisitions of additional businesses, products or technologies we may make could negatively affect our business.

 

We have in the past, and expect in the future, to achieve growth through a combination of internally developed new products and acquisitions. In recent years we have acquired several companies and technologies, and we expect to continue to pursue acquisitions of other companies, technologies and complementary product lines in the future to expand our product offerings and technology base to further our strategic goals. Each of our recent acquisitions involves, and any future acquisition would involve risks, including:

 

    a decline in demand by our customers for the products of the acquired business;

 

    our ability to integrate the acquired business’ operations, products and personnel;

 

    our ability to retain key personnel of the acquired businesses;

 

    our ability to manufacture and sell the products of the acquired businesses;

 

    our ability to expand our financial and management controls and reporting systems and procedures to integrate and manage the acquired businesses;

 

    our ability to realize expected synergies resulting from the acquisition;

 

    diversion of management’s time and attention;

 

    customer dissatisfaction or performance problems with the products or services of an acquired firm;

 

    assumption of unknown liabilities, or other unanticipated events or circumstances; and

 

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    the need to record significant charges or write down the carrying value of intangible assets, which could lower our earnings.

 

We cannot guarantee that any business that we may acquire will achieve the anticipated revenues and operating results. We have in the past and may in the future choose to close or divest certain acquired companies, which could require us to record losses relating to such closures or divestitures. Any of these risks could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If we are delayed in introducing our new products into the marketplace, or if our new products contain defects, our operating results will suffer.

 

Because certain of our products are sophisticated and complex, we may experience delays in introducing new products or enhancements to our existing products. If we do not introduce our new products or enhancements into the marketplace in a timely fashion, our customers may choose to use competitors’ products. In addition, because certain of our markets, such as the semiconductor equipment market, are highly cyclical in nature, if we fail to timely introduce new products in advance of an upturn in the market’s cycle, we may be foreclosed from selling products to many customers until the next cycle. As such, our inability to introduce new or enhanced products in a timely manner could cause our business and results of operations to suffer. In addition, our products may contain defects or undetected errors. As a result, we could incur substantial expenses in fixing any defects or undetected errors, which could result in damage to our competitive position and harm our business and results of operations.

 

If we fail to protect our intellectual property and proprietary technology, we may lose our competitive advantage.

 

Our success and ability to compete depend in large part upon protecting our proprietary technology. We rely on a combination of patent, trademark and trade secret protection and nondisclosure agreements to protect our proprietary rights. The steps we have taken may not be sufficient to prevent the misappropriation of our intellectual property, particularly in foreign countries where the laws may not protect our proprietary rights as fully as in the United States. The patent and trademark law and trade secret protection may not be adequate to deter third party infringement or misappropriation of our patents, trademarks and similar proprietary rights. In addition, patents issued to us may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. Our rights granted under those patents may not provide competitive advantages to us, and the claims under our patent applications may not be allowed. We have in the past and may in the future be subject to or may initiate interference proceedings in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, which can demand significant financial and management resources. The process of seeking patent protection can be time consuming and expensive and patents may not be issued from currently pending or future applications. Moreover, our existing patents or any new patents that may be issued may not be sufficient in scope or strength to provide meaningful protection or any commercial advantage to us. We may in the future initiate claims or litigation against third parties for infringement of our proprietary rights in order to determine the scope and validity of our proprietary rights or the proprietary rights of our competitors, which claims could result in costly litigation and the diversion of our technical and management personnel. For example, we have notified several manufacturers of semiconductor wafer handling robots and load ports that we believe that they are infringing upon certain of our U.S. patents, and may institute litigation against one or more of such companies in the future. We will take such actions where we believe that they are of sufficient strategic or economic importance to us to justify the cost.

 

We have experienced, and may in the future experience, intellectual property infringement claims.

 

We have from time to time received communications from third parties alleging that we are infringing certain trademarks, patents or other intellectual property rights held by them. Whenever such claims arise, we evaluate their merits. Any claims of infringement brought by third parties could result in protracted and costly litigation, and we could become subject to damages for infringement, or to an injunction preventing us from

 

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selling one or more of our products or using one or more of our trademarks. Such claims could also result in the necessity of obtaining a license relating to one or more of our products or current or future technologies, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms or at all. Any intellectual property litigation and the failure to obtain necessary licenses or other rights could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the terms of our customer contracts typically require us to indemnify the customer in the event of any claim of infringement brought by a third party based on our products. Any such claims of this kind may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

If we are unable to attract new employees and retain and motivate existing employees, our business and results of operations will suffer.

 

Our ability to maintain and grow our business is directly related to the service of our employees in each area of our operations. Our future performance will be directly tied to our ability to hire, train, motivate and retain qualified personnel. Competition for personnel in the technology marketplace is intense, and if we are unable to hire sufficient numbers of employees with the experience and skills we need or to retain our employees, our business and results of operations would be harmed.

 

We rely on several sole-source and limited source suppliers.

 

We obtain some of the materials used to build our systems and subsystems, such as the sheet steel used in some of our vibration isolation tables, from single or limited sources due to unique component designs as well as specialized quality and performance requirements needed to manufacture our products. If our components or raw materials are unavailable in adequate amounts or are unavailable on satisfactory terms, we may be required to purchase them from alternative sources, if available, which could increase our costs and cause delays in the production and distribution of our products. If we do not obtain comparable replacement components from other sources in a timely manner, our business and results of operations will be harmed. Many of our suppliers require long lead-times to deliver the quantities of components that we need. If we fail to accurately forecast our needs, or if we fail to obtain sufficient quantities of components that we use to manufacture our products, then delays or reductions in production and shipment could occur, which would harm our business and results of operations.

 

Terrorism and acts of war and the associated economic uncertainties may negatively impact our business.

 

Terrorist attacks and military activities have created economic and political uncertainties, contributing to the recent global economic downturn. Future acts of terrorism or military action may create additional uncertainties and worsen or delay recovery of the global economy, which could negatively impact our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Natural disasters could disrupt or shut down our operations.

 

Our operations are susceptible to damages from earthquakes, floods, fire, loss of power or water supplies, or other similar contingencies. We have significant facilities in areas with above average seismic activity. If any of our facilities were to experience a catastrophic loss, it could disrupt our operations, delay production, shipments and revenue, and result in large expenses to repair or replace the facility, any of which would harm our business. We are predominantly uninsured for losses and interruptions caused by earthquakes.

 

Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

The principal market risks (i.e., the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices) to which we are exposed are foreign exchange rates which may generate translation and transaction gains and losses and interest rate risk.

 

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Foreign Currency Risk

 

Operating in international markets involves exposure to movements in currency exchange rates which can sometimes be volatile. The economic impact of currency exchange rate movements on our operating results is complex because such changes are often linked to variability in real growth, inflation, interest rates, governmental actions and other factors. These changes, if material, may cause us to adjust our financing and operating strategies. Consequently, isolating the effect of changes in currency does not incorporate these other important economic factors.

 

From time to time we use forward exchange contracts to mitigate the risks associated with certain foreign currency transactions entered into in the ordinary course of business, primarily foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. We do not engage in currency speculation. The forward exchange contracts generally require us to exchange U.S. dollars for foreign currencies at maturity, at rates agreed to at inception of the contracts. If the counterparties to the exchange contracts (AA or A+ rated banks) do not fulfill their obligations to deliver the contracted currencies, we could be at risk for any currency related fluctuations. Transaction gains and losses are included in our current net loss in our statement of operations. Net foreign exchange gains and losses were not material to our reported results of operations for the last three years.

 

Our operating loss from international operations totaled $0.6 million and $0.1 million in 2003 and 2002, respectively, and we had operating income from international operations of $12.6 million in 2001. As currency exchange rates change, translation of the income statements of international operations into U.S. dollars affects year-over-year comparability of operating results. We do not generally hedge translation risks because cash flows from international operations are generally reinvested locally. We do not enter into hedges to minimize volatility of reported earnings because we do not believe it is justified by the exposure or the cost.

 

Changes in currency exchange rates that would have the largest impact on translating future international operating profit include the euro, British pound, Canadian dollar and Taiwan dollar. We estimate that a 10% change in foreign exchange rates would not have had a material effect on reported net loss for the year ended December 31, 2003. We believe that this quantitative measure has inherent limitations because, as discussed in the first paragraph of this section, it does not take into account any governmental actions or changes in either customer purchasing patterns or financing and operating strategies.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

The interest rates we pay on certain of our debt instruments are subject to interest rate risk. Our collateralized line of credit bears interest at either the prevailing prime rate, or the prevailing London Interbank Offered Rate plus 1.5%, at our option. Our investments in marketable securities, which totaled $255.5 million at December 31, 2003, are sensitive to changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates. We estimate that a 10% decline in the interest rate earned on our investment portfolio would have had resulted in a decline in our net income of $0.7 million in 2003.

 

The sensitivity analyses described in the interest rate and foreign exchange discussions above disregard the possibility that rates can move in opposite directions and that gains from one category may or may not be offset by losses from another category and vice versa.

 

Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

The financial statements required by this item are included in Part IV, Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are presented beginning on page F-1. The supplementary financial information required by this item is included in Note 14, Supplementary Quarterly Consolidated Financial Data (Unaudited), of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements on page F-31.

 

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Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer, after evaluating our “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) Rules 13a-15(e) and 15-d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Evaluation Date”) have concluded that as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART III

 

Item 10.    Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

The information required hereunder is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2003 and delivered to stockholders in connection with our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004.

 

Item 11.    Executive Compensation

 

The information required hereunder is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2003 and delivered to stockholders in connection with our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004.

 

Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The information required hereunder is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2003 and delivered to stockholders in connection with our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004.

 

Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

 

The information required hereunder is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2003 and delivered to stockholders in connection with our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004.

 

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Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The information required hereunder is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2003 and delivered to stockholders in connection with our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2004.

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.    Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-K

 

  (a)   The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

 

(1) Financial Statements.

 

See Index to Financial Statements and Schedule on page F-1.

 

(2) Financial Statement Schedules.

 

See Index to Financial Statements and Schedule on page F-1. All other schedules are omitted as the required information is not present or is not present in amounts sufficient to require submission of the schedule, or because the information required is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

 

(3) Exhibits.

 

The following exhibits are filed (or incorporated by reference herein) as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

 

Exhibit
Number


  

Description of Exhibit


3.1   

Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant filed November 19, 1987 (incorporated by reference to exhibit in the Registrant’s 1987 Proxy Statement).

3.2   

Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant, as filed May 30, 2000 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-3, No. 333-40878, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 6, 2000).

3.3   

Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant, as filed June 26, 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2001).

3.4   

Restated Bylaws of the Registrant, as amended to date (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 31, 1992).

10.1   

Lease Agreement dated March 27, 1991, as amended, pertaining to premises located in Irvine, California (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 31, 1992).

10.2   

First Amendment to Lease dated January 31, 2002, between the Registrant and IRP Muller Associates, LLC pertaining to premises located in Irvine, California (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2001).

10.3   

Lease Agreement dated November 1, 2000, between the Registrant and Arden Realty Limited Partnership pertaining to premises located in Santa Ana, California (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2000).

 

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Exhibit
Number


  

Description of Exhibit


  10.4   

First Amendment to Lease dated May 23, 2001, between the Registrant and Arden Realty Limited Partnership pertaining to premises located in Santa Ana, California (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2001).

  10.5   

Second Amendment to Lease dated November 5, 2003, between the Registrant and Arden Realty Limited Partnership pertaining to premises located in Santa Ana, California.

  10.6*   

1992 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to exhibit in the Registrant’s 1992 Proxy Statement).

  10.7*   

1999 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1999).

  10.8*   

Amendment to 1999 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-3, No. 333-40878, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 6, 2000).

  10.9*   

2001 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix B to the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement filed on April 27, 2001).

  10.10*   

Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement under the 2001 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002).

  10.11*   

Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement under the 2001 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002).

  10.12*   

Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement between the Registrant and each of the former optionholders of Micro Robotics Systems, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-8, File No. 333-86268, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 15, 2002).

  10.13*   

Amended and Restated Employee Stock Purchase Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix B of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 18, 2003).

  10.14*   

Form of Severance Compensation Agreement between the Registrant and certain of its executive officers.

  10.15*   

Severance Compensation Agreement dated as of January 1, 2004, between the Registrant and Robert G. Deuster, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.

  10.16*   

Severance Compensation Agreement dated as of January 1, 2004, between the Registrant and Robert J. Phillippy, Vice President and General Manager, Industrial and Scientific Technologies Division.

  10.17*   

Form of Indemnification Agreement between the Registrant and each of its directors and officers (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2002).

  10.18   

Business Loan Agreement dated September 25, 2002, by and between the Registrant and Bank of America, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2002).

 

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Exhibit
Number


  

Description of Exhibit


  10.19   

Promissory Note dated September 25, 2002, payable by the Registrant to Bank of America, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2002).

  10.20   

Commercial Pledge Agreement dated September 25, 2002, by and between the Registrant and Bank of America, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2002).

  10.21   

Amendment No. 1 to Loan Documents dated August 21, 2003, between the Registrant and Bank of America, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2003).

  10.22   

Amendment No. 2 to Loan Documents dated October 27, 2003, between the Registrant and Bank of America, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2003).

  21.1   

Subsidiaries of Registrant.

  23.1   

Consent of Ernst & Young LLP, Independent Auditors.

  31.1   

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”).

  31.2   

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act.

  32.1   

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.

  32.2   

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.


*   This exhibit is identified as a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement pursuant to Item 15(a)(3) of Form 10-K.

 

  (b)   Reports on Form 8-K.

 

On October 29, 2003, we filed a Current Report on Form 8-K, Item 12, disclosing our financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2003, and our business outlook for the fourth quarter of 2003.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on March 12, 2004.

 

NEWPORT CORPORATION

By:

 

/s/    ROBERT G. DEUSTER        


   

Robert G. Deuster

Chairman of the Board, President

and Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

The undersigned directors and officers of Newport Corporation constitute and appoint Robert G. Deuster and Charles F. Cargile, or either of them, as their true and lawful attorney and agent with power of substitution, to do any and all acts and things in our name and behalf in our capacities as directors and officers and to execute any and all instruments for us and in our names in the capacities indicated below, which said attorney and agent may deem necessary or advisable to enable said corporation to comply with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and any rules, regulations and requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, in connection with this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including specifically but without limitation, power and authority to sign for us or any of us in our names in the capacities indicated below, any and all amendments (including post-effective amendments) hereto; and we do hereby ratify and confirm all that said attorney and agent shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof. Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

SIGNATURE


  

TITLE


 

DATE


/s/    ROBERT G. DEUSTER        


Robert G. Deuster

  

Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)

  March 12, 2004

/s/    CHARLES F. CARGILE        


Charles F. Cargile

  

Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)

  March 12, 2004

/s/    DANIEL E. DELLA FLORA        


Daniel E. Della Flora

  

Vice President and Corporate Controller (Principal Accounting Officer)

  March 12, 2004

/s/    R. JACK APLIN        


R. Jack Aplin

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    ROBERT L. GUYETT        


Robert L. Guyett

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    MICHAEL T. O’NEILL        


Michael T. O’Neill

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    C. KUMAR N. PATEL        


C. Kumar N. Patel

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    KENNETH F. POTASHNER        


Kenneth F. Potashner

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    RICHARD E. SCHMIDT        


Richard E. Schmidt

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

/s/    PETER J. SIMONE        


Peter J. Simone

  

Director

  March 12, 2004

 

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INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULE

 

     Page

Report of Independent Auditors

   F-2

Consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001

   F-3

Consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2003 and 2002

   F-4

Consolidated statements of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001

   F-5

Consolidated statements of comprehensive loss and stockholders’ equity for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001

   F-6

Notes to consolidated financial statements

   F-7

Financial Statement Schedule—Schedule II—Consolidated valuation accounts

   F-32

 

F-1


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Auditors

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Newport Corporation

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Newport Corporation as of December 31, 2003 and 2002, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss and stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2003. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Newport Corporation at December 31, 2003 and 2002, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2003, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.

 

As described in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, effective January 1, 2002, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.

 

/s/    ERNST & YOUNG LLP

 

Orange County, California

January 26, 2004

 

F-2


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

(In thousands, except per share data)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Net sales

   $ 134,789     $ 163,994     $ 289,963  

Cost of sales

     90,746       138,183       192,698  
    


 


 


Gross profit

     44,043       25,811       97,265  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     43,573       50,222       57,311  

Research and development expense

     18,145       24,383       26,073  

Restructuring, impairment and other charges

     1,705       11,883       11,584  

Acquisition and other non-recurring charges

     —         —         10,683  
    


 


 


Operating loss

     (19,380 )     (60,677 )     (8,386 )

Interest and other income, net

     8,013       10,269       13,786  

Asset write-down

     —         (6,490 )     —    
    


 


 


Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

     (11,367 )     (56,898 )     5,400  

Income tax provision (benefit)

     (812 )     14,011       1,929  
    


 


 


Income (loss) from continuing operations

     (10,555 )     (70,909 )     3,471  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes of $0, $0 and $5,018

     (2,605 )     (15,209 )     (9,743 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (14,500 )     —    
    


 


 


Net loss

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (6,272 )
    


 


 


Loss per share, basic:

                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.10  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.27 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —    
    


 


 


Net loss

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )
    


 


 


Loss per share, diluted:

                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.09  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.26 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —    
    


 


 


Net loss

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )
    


 


 


Shares used in computation of loss per share:

                        

Basic

     38,685       37,970       36,405  

Diluted

     38,685       37,970       37,830  

Dividends per share

   $ —       $ —       $ 0.01  

 

See accompanying notes.

 

F-3


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(In thousands, except share data)    December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

 

ASSETS

                

Current assets:

                

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 11,795     $ 44,059  

Marketable securities

     255,507       240,254  

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $647 and $753

     23,960       18,534  

Inventories

     54,854       54,964  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     6,000       7,995  

Assets of discontinued operations

     —         3,840  
    


 


Total current assets

     352,116       369,646  

Property and equipment, net

     32,734       35,774  

Goodwill

     57,606       57,529  

Deferred income taxes

     14,900       15,570  

Investments and other assets

     10,863       7,819  
    


 


     $ 468,219     $ 486,338  
    


 


LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

                

Current liabilities:

                

Accounts payable

   $ 8,517     $ 6,213  

Accrued payroll and related expenses

     7,811       9,900  

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     9,567       14,016  

Accrued restructuring costs

     1,124       3,910  

Obligations under capital leases

     272       214  

Current portion of long-term debt

     —         2,000  
    


 


Total current liabilities

     27,291       36,253  

Long-term debt, less current portion

     —         1,000  

Obligations under capital leases, less current portion

     1,612       230  

Accrued restructuring costs and other liabilities

     907       2,338  

Commitments and contingencies

                

Stockholders’ equity:

                

Common stock, par value $0.1167 per share, 200,000,000 shares authorized; 39,032,509 and 38,560,409 shares issued and outstanding

     4,555       4,500  

Capital in excess of par value

     440,194       439,466  

Deferred stock compensation

     (139 )     (215 )

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     2,952       (1,241 )

Retained earnings (deficit)

     (9,153 )     4,007  
    


 


Total stockholders’ equity

     438,409       446,517  
    


 


     $ 468,219     $ 486,338  
    


 


 

See accompanying notes.

 

F-4


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

                        

Net loss

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (6,272 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

                        

Depreciation and non-goodwill amortization

     10,238       11,119       12,230  

Goodwill amortization

     —         —         2,471  

Provision for losses on inventories

     717       31,981       26,424  

Impairment of goodwill

     —         14,500       —    

Provision for restructuring related charges

     652       11,883       11,584  

Deferred income taxes, net

     670       18,532       (16,286 )

Loss on disposal of business segment

     —         6,843       —    

Asset write-down

     —         6,490       —    

Tax benefit from stock option exercises

     —         —         7,708  

Other non-cash items, net

     144       1,165       (500 )

Increase (decrease) in cash, net of acquisitions and divestitures, due to changes in:

                        

Accounts receivable

     (4,163 )     14,819       27,961  

Inventories

     2,135       699       (41,423 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,888       3,261       (2,054 )

Other assets and liabilities

     (72 )     (289 )     (274 )

Accounts payable

     1,799       (5,590 )     (13,494 )

Accrued payroll and related expenses

     (2,166 )     (3,301 )     (238 )

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     (3,515 )     186       7,926  

Accrued restructuring costs

     (4,939 )     (5,138 )     (1,148 )
    


 


 


Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (9,772 )     6,542       14,615  
    


 


 


CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

                        

Purchase of property and equipment

     (3,060 )     (6,681 )     (19,605 )

Proceeds from the sale of business and property and equipment

     679       9,872       —    

Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     —         (6,437 )     (12,984 )

Purchase of marketable securities

     (720,651 )     (493,205 )     (746,174 )

Proceeds from the sale of marketable securities

     704,507       529,799       762,943  

Purchases of equity investments and intellectual property

     (4,637 )     (2,025 )     (1,250 )
    


 


 


Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (23,162 )     31,323       (17,070 )
    


 


 


CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

                        

Repayment of long-term debt

     (3,214 )     (6,536 )     (7,502 )

Proceeds from sale/leaseback of facility

     1,953       —         —    

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee plans

     5,328       4,961       5,242  

Cash dividends paid

     —         —         (690 )

Repurchase of the Company’s common stock

     (4,545 )     —         —    

Other distributions to stockholders

     —         —         (3,821 )
    


 


 


Net cash used in financing activities

     (478 )     (1,575 )     (6,771 )

Impact of foreign exchange rate changes on cash balances

     1,148       662       (528 )
    


 


 


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (32,264 )     36,952       (9,754 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     44,059       7,107       16,861  
    


 


 


Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 11,795     $ 44,059     $ 7,107  
    


 


 


Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

                        

Cash paid during the period for:

                        

Interest

   $ 199     $ 425     $ 1,559  

Income taxes paid (refunds received), net

   $ (3,301 )   $ 1,605     $ (4,743 )

 

See accompanying notes.

 

F-5


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss and Stockholders’ Equity

 

(In thousands)    Common Stock

   

Capital in
excess of
par

value


   

Deferred
stock

compensation


   

Accumulated
other
comprehensive

income (loss)


   

Retained
earnings

(deficit)


   

Total
stockholders’

equity


 
     Shares

    Amount

           

December 31, 2000

   36,196     $ 4,224     $ 374,895     $ (996 )   $ (7,235 )   $ 115,077     $ 485,965  

Net loss

   —         —         —         —         —         (6,272 )     (6,272 )

Foreign currency translation loss

   —         —         —         —         (3,379 )     —         (3,379 )

Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of reclassification adjustment (Note 2)

   —         —         —         —         1,481       —         1,481  
                                                  


Comprehensive loss

                                                   (8,170 )

Issuance of common stock under employee plans

   493       58       5,184       —         —         —         5,242  

Tax benefits from stock option exercises

   —         —         7,708       —         —         —         7,708  

Grants of restricted common stock, net

   4       —         304       (304 )     —         —         —    

Amortization of deferred compensation

   —         —         —         1,007       —         —         1,007  

Dividends

   —         —         —         —         —         (359 )     (359 )

Distribution of S-Corp earnings

   —         —         —         —         —         (3,821 )     (3,821 )

Other

   —         —         1,435       —         —         —         1,435  
    

 


 


 


 


 


 


December 31, 2001

   36,693       4,282       389,526       (293 )     (9,133 )     104,625       489,007  

Net loss

   —         —         —         —         —         (100,618 )     (100,618 )

Foreign currency translation gain

   —         —         —         —         6,614       —         6,614  

Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of reclassification adjustment (Note 2)

   —         —         —         —         1,278       —         1,278  
                                                  


Comprehensive loss

                                                   (92,726 )

Acquisition of MRSI

   997       116       45,081       —         —         —         45,197  

Issuance of common stock under employee plans

   870       102       4,859       —         —         —         4,961  

Amortization of deferred compensation

   —         —         —         78       —         —         78  
    

 


 


 


 


 


 


December 31, 2002

   38,560       4,500       439,466       (215 )     (1,241 )     4,007       446,517  

Net loss

   —         —         —         —         —         (13,160 )     (13,160 )

Foreign currency translation gain

   —         —         —         —         7,857       —         7,857  

Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of reclassification adjustment (Note 2)

   —         —         —         —         (3,664 )     —         (3,664 )
                                                  


Comprehensive loss

                                                   (8,967 )

Issuance of common stock under employee plans

   759       88       5,240       —         —         —         5,328  

Repurchase of common stock

   (286 )     (33 )     (4,512 )     —         —         —         (4,545 )

Amortization of deferred compensation

   —         —         —         76       —         —         76  
    

 


 


 


 


 


 


December 31, 2003

   39,033     $ 4,555     $ 440,194     $ (139 )   $ 2,952     $ (9,153 )   $ 438,409  
    

 


 


 


 


 


 


 

See accompanying notes.

 

F-6


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1    ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Organization.    Newport Corporation (Newport or the Company) is a global supplier of advanced technology products and systems to a wide range of industries, including semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging equipment, scientific research, aerospace and defense, life and health sciences and fiber optic communications. The Company provides components and integrated subsystems to manufacturers of semiconductor front-end processing equipment, automated systems for semiconductor back-end packaging applications to integrated device manufacturers, a broad array of high-precision components and instruments to commercial, academic and government customers worldwide, and automated and manually operated assembly equipment to manufacturers of fiber optic components. The Company’s products leverage its expertise in precision robotics and automation, high-precision positioning systems, vibration isolation technology, precision optics, opto-mechanics and photonics instrumentation to enhance the capabilities and productivity of its customers’ manufacturing, engineering and research applications.

 

Basis of Presentation.    The accompanying financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Effective beginning in the first quarter of 2004, the Company is changing to a conventional 52/53-week accounting fiscal year. The Company’s fiscal year will end on the Saturday closest to December 31, and its fiscal quarters will end on the Saturday closest to the end of each corresponding calendar quarter. As a result, for fiscal 2004, the Company’s first, second and third quarters will end on April 3, 2004, July 3, 2004 and October 2, 2004, respectively, and its fiscal year will end on January 1, 2005.

 

Foreign Currency Translation.    The functional currency for the Company’s international operations is the local currency. Assets and liabilities for these locations are translated into U.S. dollars using current rates of exchange in effect at the balance sheet dates. The resulting translation gains and losses are included as a component of stockholders’ equity. Items of income and expense for the Company’s international locations are translated using the monthly average exchange rates in effect for the period in which the items occur. Realized foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in the results of operations.

 

Derivative Instruments.    The Company recognizes all derivative financial instruments in the consolidated financial statements at fair value regardless of the purpose or intent for holding the instrument. The accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship. The Company does not engage in currency speculation; however, the Company uses forward exchange contracts to mitigate the risks associated with certain foreign currency transactions entered into in the ordinary course of business, primarily foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. Such contracts do not qualify for hedge accounting and accordingly, changes in fair values are reported in the statement of operations. The forward exchange contracts generally require the Company to exchange U.S. dollars for foreign currencies at maturity, at rates agreed to at the inception of the contracts. If the counterparties to the exchange contracts (AA or A+ rated banks) do not fulfill their obligations to deliver the contracted currencies, the Company could be at risk for any currency related fluctuations. Transaction gains and losses are included in the statements of operations in interest and other income, net.

 

Foreign exchange contracts totaled $0.4 million at December 31, 2002. There were no contracts outstanding at December 31, 2003.

 

F-7


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities.    The Company considers cash-on-hand and highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. Investments with original maturities exceeding three months at the date of purchase are classified as marketable securities. All marketable securities are classified as available for sale and are recorded at market value using the specific identification method; unrealized gains and losses are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the accompanying balance sheets.

 

Accounts Receivable.    The Company estimates the collectibility of customer receivables on an ongoing basis by periodically reviewing invoices outstanding over a certain period of time. The Company has recorded reserves for specific receivables deemed to be at risk for collection, as well as a general reserve based on the Company’s historical collections experience. A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the ultimate realization of these receivables, including the current credit-worthiness of each customer.

 

Inventories.    Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (determined on either a first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost basis) or market and the Company provides reserves for potentially excess and obsolete inventory. In assessing the ultimate realization of inventories, the Company makes judgments as to future demand requirements and compares those requirements with the current or committed inventory levels. Reserves are established for inventory levels that exceed expected future demand.

 

Property and Equipment.    Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation expense includes amortization of assets under capital leases. Depreciation is recorded principally on the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of the assets ranging from three to twenty years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful life or the remaining lease term.

 

Intangible Assets, including Goodwill.    Intangible assets, other than goodwill and trademarks and trade names, are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives as follows:

 

Intellectual property

  3 to 7 years

Other

  2 to 15 years

 

Trademarks and trade names are subject to annual impairment testing and are not amortized.

 

F-8


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets of acquired entities. On January 1, 2002, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards Board No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (SFAS No. 142). Under SFAS No. 142, goodwill is no longer amortized but is subject to impairment tests based upon a comparison of the fair value of each of the Company’s reporting units, as defined, and the carrying value of the reporting units’ net assets, including goodwill. Pursuant to SFAS No. 142, upon adoption the Company tested its goodwill for impairment and recorded an impairment charge, based upon an independent valuation, of $14.5 million as the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle as of January 1, 2002. SFAS No. 142 requires a review for impairment at least annually or when circumstances exist that would indicate an impairment of such goodwill. The Company performs the annual impairment review as of October 1 of each year. The 2003 and 2002 annual reviews resulted in no additional impairment of the carrying value of goodwill. Adjusted net income (loss) and the related income (loss) per share impact of the adoption of SFAS No. 142 is as follows:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Reported income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (10,555 )   $ (70,909 )   $ 3,471  

Add back goodwill amortization

     —         —         2,471  
    


 


 


Adjusted income (loss) from continuing operations

     (10,555 )     (70,909 )     5,942  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (2,605 )     (15,209 )     (9,743 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (14,500 )     —    
    


 


 


Adjusted net loss

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (3,801 )
    


 


 


Basic loss per share:

                        

Reported income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.10  

Add back goodwill amortization

     —         —         0.07  
    


 


 


Adjusted net income (loss) from continuing operations

     (0.27 )     (1.87 )     0.17  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.27 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —    
    


 


 


Adjusted net loss

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.10 )
    


 


 


Diluted loss per share:

                        

Reported income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (0.27 )   $ (1.87 )   $ 0.09  

Add back goodwill amortization

     —         —         0.07  
    


 


 


Adjusted net income (loss) from continuing operations

     (0.27 )     (1.87 )     0.16  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     (0.07 )     (0.40 )     (0.26 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (0.38 )     —    
    


 


 


Adjusted net loss

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.10 )
    


 


 


 

Goodwill, net by reportable segment is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

     2003

   2002

Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems

   $ 56,624    $ 56,624

Industrial and Scientific Technologies (1)

     982      905
    

  

     $ 57,606    $ 57,529
    

  


(1)    Change between years is due to foreign currency translation.

             

 

F-9


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Long-Lived Assets.    The Company assesses the impairment of long-lived assets, other than goodwill, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. The determination of related estimated useful lives and whether or not these assets are impaired involves significant judgments, related primarily to the future profitability and/or future value of the assets. Changes in the Company’s strategic plan and/or market conditions could significantly impact these judgments and could require adjustments to recorded asset balances. The Company holds minority interests in companies having operations or technologies in areas within or adjacent to its strategic focus, all of which are privately held and whose values are difficult to determine. The Company records an investment impairment charge in any reporting period where it believes an investment has experienced a decline in value that is other than temporary.

 

Warranty.    Unless otherwise stated, the Company provides a one-year warranty from the original invoice date on all product material and workmanship. Products sold to certain original equipment manufacturer customers sometimes carry longer warranties. Defective products will be either repaired or replaced, generally at the Company’s option, upon meeting certain criteria. The Company accrues a provision for the estimated costs that may be incurred for product warranties as a component of cost of sales at the time revenue for that product is recognized.

 

Revenue Recognition.    Revenue is recognized after all significant obligations have been met, collectibility is probable and title has passed, which typically occurs upon shipment or completion of services. Revenue for products that require installation for which the installation is essential to functionality or is not deemed inconsequential or perfunctory are recognized upon completion of installation. Revenues for products that require installation where installation is not essential to functionality and is deemed inconsequential or perfunctory are recognized upon shipment with estimated installation costs accrued. However, if a portion of the revenue is not payable until installation is complete, the Company defers revenue up to the amount that is not payable. Revenues for training are deferred until the service is completed. Revenues for extended service contracts are recognized over the related contract periods.

 

Customers generally have 30 days from the original invoice date (generally 60 days for international customers) to return a standard catalog product purchase for exchange or credit. The catalog product must be returned in its original condition and meet certain other criteria. Product returns of catalog items have historically been insignificant and are charged against revenue in the period returned. Custom, option-configured and certain other products as defined in the terms and conditions of sale cannot be returned.

 

Advertising.    The Company expenses the costs of advertising as incurred, except for the costs of its product catalogs, which are accounted for as prepaid supplies until they are distributed to customers or are no longer expected to be used. The Company uses its principal catalog, The Newport Resource, as its primary marketing tool for the scientific market. The catalog provides detailed product information as well as extensive technical and applications data. The catalog is published in English, French, German and Japanese and is mailed worldwide to approximately 40,000 existing and potential customers. Capitalized catalog costs at December 31, 2003 and 2002 were not material. Advertising costs, including the costs of the Company’s participation at industry trade shows, were $1.7 million, $2.3 million and $3.8 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs.    Shipping and handling costs of $1.6 million, $1.8 million and $3.3 million are included in selling, general and administrative expense for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively.

 

Income Taxes.    The Company provides for income taxes based on the estimated effective income tax rate for the complete fiscal year. The income tax provision (benefit) is computed on the pretax income (loss) of the consolidated entities located within each taxing jurisdiction based on current tax law. Deferred taxes result from the future tax consequences associated with temporary differences between the recorded amounts of the assets

 

F-10


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

and liabilities of the Company for tax and financial accounting purposes. A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is recorded to the extent the Company cannot determine, in accordance with the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, (SFAS No. 109) that the ultimate realization of net deferred tax assets is more likely than not.

 

Income (Loss) per Share.    Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the periods, excluding restricted stock. Diluted income (loss) per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the periods, excluding restricted stock, and the dilutive effects of common stock equivalents (restricted stock and stock options) outstanding during the periods, determined using the treasury stock method. Diluted loss per share excludes the antidilutive effects of common stock equivalents outstanding during the periods.

 

Stock-Based Compensation.    The Company applies the intrinsic value based method of accounting prescribed by Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (APB 25) and related Interpretations in accounting for its stock-based compensation and complies with the disclosure provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation (SFAS No. 123). Accordingly, no compensation expense is recognized for employee stock options with exercise prices equal to the Company’s stock price at date of grant. Costs related to restricted stock grants, representing the difference between the grant date fair value of the award and the purchase price, if any, of the related shares are fixed at the date of grant and amortized over the vesting period. Pro forma amounts adjusted for the effect of recording compensation cost for the Company’s stock option and employee stock purchase plans determined based upon the fair value at the grant date for awards under these plans consistent with the methodology prescribed under SFAS No. 123 is presented below:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)    (Unaudited)

 
     Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Net loss—reported

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (6,272 )

Employee compensation expense under fair value method

     (18,109 )     (15,632 )     (11,049 )
    


 


 


Net loss—pro forma

   $ (31,269 )   $ (116,250 )   $ (17,321 )
    


 


 


Basic loss per share—reported

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )

Basic loss per share—pro forma

   $ (0.81 )   $ (3.06 )   $ (0.48 )

Diluted loss per share—reported

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )   $ (0.17 )

Diluted loss per share— pro forma

   $ (0.81 )   $ (3.06 )   $ (0.48 )

 

The fair value of each option grant in 2003 was estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: no annualized dividend yield; expected annual volatility of 70.60%; risk-free interest rate of 2.89%; expected lives of 5 years; and expected turnover rate of 12.90%. The fair value of each option grant in 2002 was estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: no annualized dividend yield; expected annual volatility of 84.50%; risk-free interest rate of 4.16%; expected lives of 5 years; and expected turnover rate of 12.90%. The fair value of each option grant in 2001 was estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: annualized dividend yield of 0.02%, applicable to grants dated prior to the cancellation of the dividend in August 2001; expected annual volatility of 86.00%; risk-free interest rate of 4.47%; expected lives of 5 years; and expected turnover rate of 12.90%. The pro forma amounts shown for the impact of SFAS No. 123 are not necessarily indicative of future results because of the phase-in rules and differences in number of grants, stock price and assumptions for future years.

 

F-11


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Use of Estimates.    The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made in preparing the consolidated financial statements include (but are not limited to) the allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory reserves, warranty obligations, restructuring reserves, asset impairment valuations and income tax valuations.

 

Reclassifications.    Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements.    In January 2003, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Interpretation 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of ARB No. 51 (FIN 46). In December 2003, the FASB modified FIN 46 to make certain technical corrections and address certain implementation issues that had arisen. FIN 46 provides a new framework for identifying variable interest entities (VIEs) and determining when a company should include the assets, liabilities, noncontrolling interests and results of activities of a VIE in its consolidated financial statements. In general, a VIE is a corporation, partnership, limited-liability corporation, trust, or any other legal structure used to conduct activities or hold assets that either (1) has an insufficient amount of equity to carry out its principal activities without additional subordinated financial support, (2) has a group of equity owners that are unable to make significant decisions about its activities, or (3) has a group of equity owners that do not have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive returns generated by its operations.

 

FIN 46 requires a VIE to be consolidated if a party with an ownership, contractual or other financial interest in the VIE (a variable interest holder) is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from the VIE’s activities, is entitled to receive a majority of the VIE’s residual returns (if no party absorbs a majority of the VIE’s losses), or both. A variable interest holder that consolidates the VIE is called the primary beneficiary. Upon consolidation, the primary beneficiary generally must initially record all of the VIE’s assets, liabilities and noncontrolling interests at fair value and subsequently account for the VIE as if it were consolidated based on majority voting interest. FIN 46 also requires disclosures about VIEs that the variable interest holder is not required to consolidate but in which it has a significant variable interest. FIN 46 was effective immediately for VIEs created after January 31, 2003. The provisions of FIN 46, as revised, were adopted as of December 31, 2003, for the Company’s interests in all VIEs. The Company does not have any VIEs that would be required to be consolidated or disclosed.

 

In November 2002, the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) reached a consensus on Issue No. 00-21, Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables (EITF 00-21). EITF 00-21 provides guidance on how to account for certain arrangements that involve the delivery or performance of multiple products, services and/or rights to use assets. The provisions of EITF 00-21 apply to revenue arrangements entered into in fiscal periods beginning after June 15, 2003. The adoption of EITF 00-21 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In December 2003, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, Revenue Recognition (SAB 104), which provides guidance on the recognition, presentation and disclosure of revenue in financial statements filed with the SEC. SAB 104 revises or rescinds portions of the interpretive guidance that was previously issued in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 101, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements (SAB 101) that was issued in December 1999 in order to make this interpretive guidance consistent with current authoritative accounting and auditing guidance and SEC rules and regulations. The adoption of SAB 104 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

F-12


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

NOTE 2    SUPPLEMENTAL   BALANCE SHEET AND STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS INFORMATION

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities

 

Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

     2003

   2002

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 11,795    $ 44,059

Marketable Securities:

             

U.S. government and agency securities

     133,893      62,927

Corporate notes and bonds

     88,420      82,053

Asset backed securities

     30,027      31,777

Certificates of deposit

     2,666      9,570

Commercial paper

     501      501

Municipal notes and bonds

     —        53,426
    

  

       255,507      240,254
    

  

     $ 267,302    $ 284,313
    

  

 

Maturity distribution of the marketable securities at December 31, 2003 is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    December 31, 2003

0 – 1 Year

   $ 74,640

1 – 2 Years

     93,251

2 – 3 Years

     47,697

3 – 5 Years

     39,919
    

     $ 255,507
    

 

The aggregate fair value of marketable securities with unrealized losses was approximately $83.9 million at December 31, 2003, and the aggregate amount of unrealized losses was approximately $0.3 million at December 31, 2003 all of which have been in an unrealized loss position for less than twelve months.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

     2003

   2002

Raw materials and purchased parts

   $ 33,372    $ 29,360

Work in process

     7,463      11,531

Finished goods

     14,019      14,073
    

  

     $ 54,854    $ 54,964
    

  

 

F-13


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

Property and equipment, net, including assets under capital leases, consists of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

 

Land

   $ 856     $ 806  

Buildings

     7,662       6,663  

Leasehold improvements

     17,340       17,543  

Machinery and equipment

     47,493       50,694  

Office equipment

     19,721       22,720  
    


 


       93,072       98,426  

Less accumulated depreciation

     (60,338 )     (62,652 )
    


 


     $ 32,734     $ 35,774  
    


 


 

Depreciation expense from continuing operations, including the amortization of assets under capital leases, totaled $9.1 million, $9.7 million and $9.8 million for 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets, excluding goodwill, consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

     2003

   2002

Intellectual property, net of accumulated amortization of $940 and $364

   $ 3,968    $ 4,544

Trademarks and trade names

     840      840

Other, net

     157      227
    

  

Intangible assets, net

   $ 4,965    $ 5,611
    

  

 

Intangible assets, net are included in investments and other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Amortization expense related to intangibles for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001 was $0.6 million, $0.4 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

 

Estimated aggregate amortization expense for future fiscal years is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Estimated
Aggregate
Amortization
Expense


2004

   $ 1,183

2005

     1,088

2006

     909

2007

     414

2008

     414

Thereafter

     117
    

     $ 4,125
    

 

F-14


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Accrued Warranty Obligations

 

The activity in accrued warranty obligations is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Balance at beginning of year

   $ 2,047     $ 1,664     $ 467  

Additions charged to cost of sales

     1,827       3,913       5,261  

Warranty claims

     (3,068 )     (3,530 )     (4,064 )
    


 


 


Balance at end of period

   $ 806     $ 2,047     $ 1,664  
    


 


 


 

Such amounts are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

     2003

   2002

Accrued income taxes

   $ 3,937    $ 2,483

Deferred revenue

     1,357      2,675

Accrued warranty obligations

     806      2,047

Other

     3,467      6,811
    

  

     $ 9,567    $ 14,016
    

  

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consists of the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

 

Cumulative foreign currency translation gains (losses)

   $ 2,955     $ (4,901 )

Unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities

     (3 )     3,660  
    


 


     $ 2,952     $ (1,241 )
    


 


 

Comprehensive Loss

 

The reclassification adjustment included in net unrealized gains on marketable securities that was included in comprehensive loss is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Unrealized holding period gains (losses) arising during period

   $ (750 )   $ 3,302     $ 2,809  

Less: reclassification adjustments for gains included in net income

     (2,914 )     (2,024 )     (1,328 )
    


 


 


Unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of reclassification adjustment

   $ (3,664 )   $ 1,278     $ 1,481  
    


 


 


 

F-15


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Asset Write-Down

 

Two fiber optic component manufacturers in which the Company had made minority investments in prior years experienced severe financial difficulties during 2002. Each manufacturer has shut down its operations and liquidated its assets. As a result, the Company wrote down these investments to their estimated fair value, resulting in a charge of $6.5 million during 2002.

 

Interest and Other Income, Net

 

Interest and other income, net, consists of the following:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Interest and dividend income

   $ 6,525     $ 9,301     $ 13,314  

Gains on sale of marketable securities, net

     2,913       2,024       1,328  

Portfolio asset management fees

     (519 )     (701 )     (548 )

Foreign exchange losses, net

     (281 )     (527 )     (31 )

Interest expense

     (205 )     (437 )     (1,028 )

Other income (expense), net

     (420 )     609       751  
    


 


 


Total interest and other income, net

   $ 8,013     $ 10,269     $ 13,786  
    


 


 


 

NOTE 3    ACQUISITIONS, INVESTMENTS AND DIVESTITURES

 

Acquisitions.    In February 2002, the Company acquired Micro Robotics Systems, Inc. (MRSI), a manufacturer of high-precision, automated assembly and dispensing systems for back-end packaging applications in the semiconductor, microwave communications and fiber optic communications markets. The transaction was accounted for using the purchase method. The Company’s results of operations for 2002 include the results of operations of MRSI from the date of acquisition on February 15, 2002.

 

The Company finalized the purchase price allocation for this acquisition in the third quarter of 2002 based on the final valuation of the intangible assets and the final tax accounting. The excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired of $46.5 million was recorded as goodwill, which is not deductible for tax purposes.

 

(In thousands, except share amounts)       

Consideration Paid:

        

997,284 shares of common stock, valued at the date of acquisition

   $ 23,117  

1,087,541 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of fully vested stock options assumed in the acquisition, valued at the difference between the Company’s stock price at date of acquisition and the option exercise price

     22,080  

Cash paid

     15,000  

Other costs, primarily professional fees

     1,818  
    


     $ 62,015  
    


Assets acquired and liabilities assumed:

        

Current assets, including cash of $10,381

   $ 17,158  

Goodwill

     46,480  

Other long-lived assets

     3,895  

Current liabilities

     (5,518 )
    


     $ 62,015  
    


 

F-16


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Certain unaudited information assuming the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2002 is presented below:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

 

Net sales:

                

Newport

   $ 134,789     $ 163,994  

MRSI (a)

     —         1,151  
    


 


Combined

   $ 134,789     $ 165,145  
    


 


Loss from continuing operations:

                

Newport

   $ (10,555 )   $ (70,909 )

MRSI (a)

     —         (619 )
    


 


Combined

   $ (10,555 )   $ (71,528 )
    


 


Net loss:

                

Newport

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )

MRSI (a)

     —         (619 )
    


 


Combined

   $ (13,160 )   $ (101,237 )
    


 


Loss per share, basic and diluted:

                

Newport

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.65 )

MRSI (a)

     —         (0.01 )
    


 


Combined

   $ (0.34 )   $ (2.66 )
    


 


Pro forma number of shares used to calculated basic and diluted loss per share:

                

Newport

     38,685       38,093  

MRSI (a)

     38,685       38,093  

 

In February 2001, the Company acquired Kensington Laboratories, Inc. (KLI), a manufacturer of high-precision robotic and motion control equipment primarily for the semiconductor industry. The Company issued approximately 3.5 million shares of common stock to the KLI stockholders in the transaction. Also in February 2001, the Company acquired Design Technology Corporation (DTC), a systems integrator specializing in the use of robotics and flexible automation solutions for manufacturing processes. The DTC acquisition was accounted for using the purchase method and the KLI acquisition was accounted for using the pooling-of-interests method. The Company’s results of operations for 2001 include the results of operations of KLI for the full year, and the results of operations of DTC from the date of acquisition in February 2001.

 

Investments.    In 2003, the Company purchased a minority interest in NEXX Systems, Inc., a privately-held developer of flip chip processing equipment for back-end semiconductor manufacturing applications, for $3.7 million. The investment is made up of a $1.2 million common stock component and a $2.5 million preferred stock component. Both amounts are reflected in investments and other assets in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company is accounting for this investment using the cost method of accounting.

 

F-17


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Divestitures.    In March 2002, to more efficiently deploy the Company’s resources to those areas that are critical to product development efforts for the Company’s strategic markets, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to sell the Company’s Industrial Metrology Systems division (IMSD), including the business of CEJohansson AB, a Sweden-based global supplier of advanced metrology systems that was acquired in December 2000. The sale of the IMSD division was completed in 2002 for cash of approximately $9.8 million.

 

In August 2002, to increase the efficiency of the Company’s product development and manufacturing efforts, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to sell the Company’s operation in Plymouth, Minnesota, which manufactured high-precision motion stages for the semiconductor equipment, computer peripheral, fiber optic communications and life and health sciences markets. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $3.4 million to write down the assets of the Plymouth operation to their estimated fair value of $2.6 million. In the first quarter of 2003, due to the weak response from potential buyers, the Company shut down the operation and liquidated the majority of the remaining assets, which resulted in an additional loss of $0.6 million. This operation was included in the Company’s Industrial and Scientific Technologies division.

 

Both of these divestitures have been accounted for as discontinued operations for all periods presented.

 

The net sales and loss before income taxes of divestitures that are included in discontinued operations consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Net sales

   $ 2,041     $ 10,274     $ 28,906  

Loss before income taxes

     (2,605 )     (15,209 )     (14,761 )

 

The estimated and realized losses recognized on divestitures consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

     2003

    2002

    2001

Realized loss on disposal

   $ (572 )   $ (3,428 )   $ —  

Estimated loss on disposal

     —         (3,415 )     —  

 

NOTE 4    RESTRUCTURING, IMPAIRMENT AND OTHER CHARGES

 

2002 Restructuring Plan.    In 2002, in response to the continued protracted downturn in the fiber optic communications market and the uncertainty with respect to the pace of recovery in the semiconductor equipment market, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a restructuring and cost reduction plan to bring its operating costs in line with its business outlook at that time. This plan included restructuring charges of $3.1 million for employee severance and related termination costs and $9.1 million related to facility consolidations and $0.2 million related to other activities. In addition, the Company established additional reserves for excess and obsolete inventory of $28.7 million. Also in connection with this plan the Company incurred $1.5 million of costs related to facility closure and consolidation, and $1.0 million for consignment and demonstration inventory that was deemed to be obsolete or slow moving, both of which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses for 2002.

 

In 2003, the Company increased the estimate of the required liability for facility consolidations by $0.7 million to reflect settlements of its remaining lease obligations for certain leases as well as revised estimates of future sublease income.

 

F-18


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

The restructuring and impairment charges, inventory reserves and other charges are classified in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2003 and 2002 as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Cost of
Sales


   Restructuring,
Impairment
and Other
Charges


    Selling,
General and
Administrative
Expenses


   Total

 
Year ended December 31, 2002                       

Inventory reserves

   $ 28,686    $ —       $ —      $ 28,686  

Facility consolidation and severance

     —        12,433       —        12,433  

Other charges

     —        —         2,533      2,533  

Reversal of excess 2001 reserves

     —        (550 )     —        (550 )
    

  


 

  


Total for year ended December 31, 2002

   $ 28,686    $ 11,883     $ 2,533    $ 43,102  
    

  


 

  


Year ended December 31, 2003                       

Adjustment to facility consolidation estimate

   $ —      $ 651     $ —      $ 651  
    

  


 

  


Total for year ended December 31, 2003

   $ —      $ 651     $ —      $ 651  
    

  


 

  


 

Also included in restructuring, impairment and other charges in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations for 2003 was $1.0 million of additional severance cost reduction actions taken in 2003 for employees that were not included in the original 2002 restructuring charge.

 

The 2002 restructuring and impairment charges, inventory reserves and other charges relate to the following business segments:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended
December 31,


     2003

   2002

Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems

   $ —      $ 28,967

Industrial and Scientific Technologies

     —        13,678

Non-segment related

     651      457
    

  

     $ 651    $ 43,102
    

  

 

2001 Restructuring Plan.    In 2001, the Company established restructuring reserves for the cost reduction actions implemented at that time, which included restructuring charges of $3.4 million for employee severance and related termination costs, $9.3 million related to facility consolidations and $1.3 million related to other activities. In addition, the Company established additional reserves for excess and obsolete inventory of $24.4 million.

 

F-19


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

The restructuring and impairment charges, inventory reserves and other charges are classified in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2001 as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Cost of
Sales


   Restructuring,
Impairment and
Other Charges


   Selling,
General and
Administrative
Expenses


   Discontinued
Operations


   Total

Inventory reserves

   $ 22,717    $ —      $ —      $ 1,676    $ 24,393

Facility consolidation and severance

     —        11,584      —        1,854      13,438

Other charges

     710      —        631      —        1,341
    

  

  

  

  

     $ 23,427    $ 11,584    $ 631    $ 3,530    $ 39,172
    

  

  

  

  

 

The 2001 restructuring and impairment charges, inventory reserves and other charges relate to the following business segments:

 

(In thousands)     

Advanced Packaging and Automation Systems

   $ 23,545

Industrial and Scientific Technologies

     8,775

Non-segment related

     6,852
    

     $ 39,172
    

 

The 2001 actions were completed as of December 31, 2002, resulting in an excess restructuring reserve of $0.6 million. This amount was used to reduce the 2002 restructuring and asset impairment charges and the related accrued restructuring costs.

 

The following table summarizes the activity in the accrued restructuring costs:

 

(In thousands)    Employee
Severance


    Facility
Consolidation


    Other

    Total

 

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

   $ 3,216     $ 7,644     $ 724     $ 11,584  

Cash payments

     (979 )     (46 )     (123 )     (1,148 )

Non-cash write-offs

     (337 )     (4,201 )     (601 )     (5,139 )
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2001

     1,900       3,397       —         5,297  

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

     3,079       9,151       203       12,433  

Cash payments

     (3,221 )     (1,790 )     (127 )     (5,138 )

Non-cash write-offs

     —         (5,872 )     (196 )     (6,068 )

Reversal of excess 2001 reserves

     —         (550 )     —         (550 )

Reclassifications

     —         (120 )     120       —    
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2002

     1,758       4,216       —         5,974  

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

     —         651       —         651  

Cash payments

     (2,343 )     (2,595 )     —         (4,938 )

Reclassifications

     585       (585 )     —         —    
    


 


 


 


Accrued restructuring at December 31, 2003

   $ —       $ 1,687     $ —       $ 1,687  
    


 


 


 


 

As of December 31, 2003, 331 employees had been terminated under the 2002 restructuring plan, and all of the accrued employee severance had been paid. The facility consolidation reserves will be paid over the associated lease terms, which expire at various dates between 2005 and 2008. At December 31, 2003 and 2002, $1.1 million and $3.9 million, respectively, of accrued restructuring costs were expected to be paid within one

 

F-20


Table of Contents

NEWPORT CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

year and are reflected in current liabilities; and $0.6 million and $2.1 million, respectively, of accrued restructuring costs are included in long-term accrued restructuring costs and other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

NOTE 5    LONG-TERM DEBT

 

Long-term debt includes the following:

 

(In thousands)    December 31, 2002

8.25% senior notes, maturing May 2004

   $ 3,000

Less current portion

     2,000
    

Long-term debt

   $ 1,000
    

 

On April 11, 2003, the Company repaid the outstanding principal balance of $3.0 million owed on its 8.25% senior notes. The loss on the early extinguishment was not material.

 

Line of Credit

 

At December 31, 2003, the Company had in place a $5.0 million revolving line of credit expiring December 31, 2004. Certain of the marketable securities that are being managed by the lending institution collateralize the line of credit. The line bears interest at the prevailing prime rate, or the prevailing London Interbank Offered Rate (1.11% at December 31, 2003) plus 1.5%, at the Company’s option, plus an unused line fee of 0.25% per year. At December 31, 2003, there were no balances outstanding under the line of credit, with $4.2 million available under the line, after considering outstanding letters of credit totaling $0.8 million.

 

NOTE 6    NET LOSS PER SHARE

 

The following table sets forth the numerator and denominator used in the computation of net loss per share:

 

(In thousands)    Years Ended December 31,

 
     2003

    2002

    2001

 

Numerator for basic and diluted net loss per share:

                        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ (10,555 )   $ (70,909 )   $ 3,471  

Loss from discontinued operations

     (2,605 )     (15,209 )     (9,743 )

Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle

     —         (14,500 )     —    
    


 


 


Net loss

   $ (13,160 )   $ (100,618 )   $ (6,272 )
    


 


 


Denominator for basic net loss per share:

                        

Weighted average shares outstanding

     38,750       38,036       36,453  

Weighted unvested restricted stock outstanding

     (65 )     (66 )     (48 )
    


 


 


Denominator for basic net loss per share

     38,685       37,970       36,405  

Effect of dilutive securities:

                        

Employee stock options

     —         —         1,383  

Restricted stock