Base Load The minimum amount of electric power or natural gas delivered or required over a given period of time at a steady rate. The minimum continuous load or demand in a power system over a given period of time usually not temperature sensitive.
British Thermal Unit (Btu) A standard unit for measuring thermal energy or heat commonly used as a gauge for the energy content of natural gas and other fuels.
Cogeneration Facility A facility that produces electric energy and useful thermal energy for industrial, commercial, heating or cooling purposes.
Combined Cycle The combination of one or more gas turbines and steam turbines in an electric generation plant. An electric generating technology in which electricity is produced from otherwise lost waste heat exiting from one or more gas turbines.
Cubic Foot (cf) The most common unit of measurement of gas volume; the amount of natural gas required to fill a volume of one cubic foot under stated conditions of temperature, pressure and water vapor.
Distribution The system of lines, transformers and switches that connect the electric transmission system to customers.
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) The agency that regulates the transportation of electricity and natural gas in interstate commerce and authorizes the buying and selling of energy commodities at market-based rates.
Gathering System Pipeline,
processing and related facilities that access production and other sources of natural gas supplies for delivery to mainline transmission systems.
Generation The process of transforming other forms of energy, such as nuclear or fossil fuels, into electricity. Also, the amount of electric energy produced, expressed in megawatt-hours.
Independent System Operator (ISO) Ensures non-discriminatory access to a regional transmission system, providing all customers access to the power exchange and clearing all bilateral contract requests for use of the electric transmission system. Also responsible for maintaining bulk electric system reliability.
Jurisdictional Facilities and activities subject to the primary regulatory oversight of FERC or state regulatory agencies.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas that has been converted to a liquid by cooling it to -260° F.
Merchant Plant A power plant that sells directly to wholesale customers without its output necessarily being committed to long-term power sales agreements.