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2006 Annual Report

Glossary of Terms


A

Assets in Custody
- Consist largely of custodial and non-discretionary trust assets administered for customers excluding brokerage assets. Trust assets encompass a broad range of asset types including real estate, private company ownership interest, personal property and investments.
Assets Under Management (AUM)
- The total market value of assets under the investment advisory and discretion of Global Wealth and Investment Management which generate asset management fees based on a percentage of the assets' market value. AUM reflects assets that are generally managed for institutional, high net-worth and retail clients and are distributed through various investment products including mutual funds, other commingled vehicles and separate accounts.

B

Bridge Loan
- A short-term loan or security which is expected to be replaced by permanent financing (debt or equity securities, loan syndication or asset sales) prior to the maturity date of the loan. Bridge loans may include an unfunded commitment, as well as funded amounts, and are generally expected to be retired in one year or less.

C

Client Brokerage Assets
- Include client assets which are held in brokerage accounts. This includes non-discretionary brokerage and fee-based assets which generate brokerage income and asset management fee revenue.
Co-branding Affinity Agreements
- Contracts with our endorsing partners outlining specific marketing rights, compensation and other terms and conditions mutually agreed to by the Corporation and its partners.
Committed Credit Exposure
- Committed credit exposure includes any funded portion of a facility plus the unfunded portion of a facility on which the Corporation is legally bound to advance funds during a specified period under prescribed conditions.
Core Net Interest Income - Managed Basis
- Net Interest Income on a fully taxable-equivalent basis excluding the impact of market-based activities and certain securitizations.
Credit Derivatives / Credit Default Swaps (CDS)
- A derivative contract that provides protection against the deterioration of credit quality and would allow one party to receive payment in the event of default by a third party under a borrowing arrangement.

D

Derivative
- A contract or agreement whose value is derived from changes in an underlying index such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates or prices of securities. Derivatives utilized by the Corporation include swaps, financial futures and forward settlement contracts, and option contracts.

E

Excess Servicing Income
- For certain assets that have been securitized, interest income, fee revenue and recoveries in excess of interest paid to the investors, gross credit losses and other trust expenses related to the securitized receivables are all reclassified into excess servicing income, which is a component of Card Income. Excess servicing income also includes the fair market value adjustments related to the Corporationís interest-only strips as a result of changes in the estimated future net cash flows expected to be earned in future periods and changes in projected loan payment rates.

I

Interest-only (IO) Strip
- A residual interest in a securitization trust representing the right to receive future net cash flows from securitized assets after payments to third party investors and net credit losses. These arise when assets are transferred to a special purpose entity as part of an asset securitization transaction qualifying for sale treatment under GAAP.

L

Letter of Credit
- A document issued by the Corporation on behalf of a customer to a third party promising to pay that third party upon presentation of specified documents. A letter of credit effectively substitutes the Corporation's credit for that of the Corporationís customer.

M

Managed Basis
- Managed basis presentation includes results from both on-balance sheet loans and off-balance sheet loans, and excludes the impact of securitization activity, with the exception of the mark-to-market adjustment on residual interests from securitization and the impact of the gains recognized on securitized loan principal receivables. Managed basis disclosures assume that securitized loans have not been sold and present the results of the securitized loans in the same manner as the Corporationís held loans. Managed credit impact represents the Corporationís held Provision for Credit Losses combined with credit losses associated with the securitized loan portfolio.
Mortgage Servicing Right (MSR)
- The right to service a mortgage loan retained when the underlying loan is sold or securitized. Servicing includes collections for principal, interest and escrow payments from borrowers and accounting for and remitting principal and interest payments to investors.

N

Net Interest Yield
- Net Interest Income divided by average total interest-earning assets.

O

Operating Basis
- A basis of presentation not defined by GAAP that excludes Merger and Restructuring Charges.

R

Return on Common Equity (ROE)
- Measures the earnings contribution of a unit as a percentage of the Shareholdersí Equity allocated to that unit.

S

Securitize / Securitization
- A process by which financial assets are sold to a special purpose entity, which then issues securities collateralized by those underlying assets, and the return on the securities issued is based on the principal and interest cash flow of the underlying assets.
Shareholder Value Added (SVA)
- Cash basis earnings on an operating basis less a charge for the use of capital.

V

Value-at-Risk (VAR)
- A VAR model estimates a range of hypothetical scenarios to calculate a potential loss which is not expected to be exceeded with a specified confidence level. VAR is a key statistic used to measure and manage market risk.
Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
- An entity whose equity investors do not have a controlling financial interest. The entity may not have sufficient equity at risk to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support from third parties. The equity investors may lack the ability to make significant decisions about the entityís activities, or they may not absorb the losses or receive the residual returns generated by the assets and other contractual arrangements of the VIE. A VIE must be consolidated by its primary beneficiary, if any, which is the party that will absorb the majority of the expected losses or expected residual returns of the VIE or both.

Acronyms

AFS
Available-for-sale
AICPA
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
ALCO
Asset and Liability Committee
ALM
Asset and liability management
EPS
Earnings per share
FASB
Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDIC
Federal Deposit and Insurance Corporation
FFIEC
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
FRB
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
FSP
Financial Accounting Standards Board Staff Position
FTE
Fully taxable-equivalent
GAAP
Generally accepted accounting principles in the United States
OCC
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
OCI
Other Comprehensive Income
QSPE
Qualified Special Purpose Entity
RCC
Risk and Capital Committee
SBLCs
Standby letters of credit
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission
SPE
Special Purpose Entity